How did the United States become so divided? Fault Lines offers a richly told, wide-angle history view toward an answer.
If you were asked when America became polarized, your answer would likely depend on your age: you might say during Barack Obama’s presidency, or with the post-9/11 war on terror, or the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s, or the “Reagan Revolution” and the the rise of the New Right.
For leading historians Kevin M. Kruse and Julian E. Zelizer, it all starts in 1974. In that one year, the nation was rocked by one major event after another: The Watergate crisis and the departure of President Richard Nixon, the first and only U.S. President to resign; the winding down of the Vietnam War and rising doubts about America’s military might; the fallout from the OPEC oil embargo that paralyzed America with the greatest energy crisis in its history; and the desegregation busing riots in South Boston that showed a horrified nation that our efforts to end institutional racism were failing.
Kevin M. Kruse is Professor of History at Princeton University. His work focuses on the political, social, and urban/suburban history of 20th-century America.
Julian E. Zelizer is Professor of History at Princeton University and a CNN political analyst. His research has focused on American political history in the 20th century.