Language Scaffolding

Honoring student contributions while reinforcing key vocabulary (in this case, “bigger”)

Focusing ELs’ attention on spelling

Teaching the pronunciation of difficult words

Matching words to definitions & mastering difficult vocabulary

Teaching ELs how to break a long word into syllables

Integrating language instruction of key concepts into a science lesson to teach scientific practices

Imbedding the teaching of noun plural forms 

Pre-teaching superlative forms of adjectives 

Integrating language instruction of different graph types into a  data analysis activity

Integrating language instruction of English conventions into a science lesson

Activating Prior Knowledge before reading a text

Incorporating total physical response into a text

Utilizing total physical response to check for understanding

Identifying parts of speech

Organizing instructional steps 

Identifying linguistic patterns

Increasing phonics awareness

Making predictions prior to experimental explorations

Matching sentence slips & comprehending sentence structures

Identifying and blending phonemes to pronounce the word “inch”

Eliciting students’ prior knowledge and clarifying misconceptions about the definition of “tension”

Scaffolding language through a group KWL chart

Using a video to engage students with learning objective

Open-ended questioning with language scaffolding

Making and comparing predictions

Referring to a visual and repeating student responses

Explicit language instruction and clarifying words with multiple meanings

Using sentence stems to scaffold making predictions

Making predictions using key vocabulary

Reviewing a text using a graphic organizer together in a small group

Honoring all students’ experiences and ideas

Addressing student misunderstanding of task and using a graphic organizer to guide communication

Connecting back to the text and relating theme to the real world