HemisFair ’68

July 19, 2021

HemisFair '68 brochure HemisFair '68 photograph











San Antonio was host to the World’s Fair from April to October in 1968, which was also the city’s 250th anniversary. Formal planning for this international event began in 1962, and the theme was “the confluence of civilizations in the Americas.” Major corporations, organizations and twenty governments participated in providing entertainment and information pavilions near downtown San Antonio. Some structures from HemisFair ’68 are still standing today, such as the Women’s Pavilion and Tower of the Americas.



Hemisfair '68 IBM photograph

IBM pavilion promotional photograph


“Sketching a design on the face of a television-like computer display terminal is a young visitor to IBM’s Durango pavilion at HemisFair ’68. The terminal is linked electronically to a computer a few feet away. The computer, an IBM System/360 Model 30, will translate the girls’ picture into mathematical formulas and then use the information to control the operations of a Jacquard loom. The loom will weave a three inch square swatch of fabric containing the design. The girl, whose mother looks on at the loom in the background, will be given the fabric she designed.”







The Frank Duane Rosengren collection of HemisFair materials includes photographs and promotional materials for various vendor pavilions. A promotional film featuring Governor John Connally was recently added to DeGolyer Library’s digital collection.


John Connally Day ribbon











Please contact degolyer@smu.edu for questions about this collection in DeGolyer Library.

Summer in Miami…Texas

July 12, 2021

Three club members standing in front of “Welcome to Miami” sign

Summer in Miami…Texas

You can spend your summer traveling to Paris (Texas), or Italy (Texas). But why not instead take a trip to Miami (Texas)? Miami, the county seat of Roberts County, is on U.S. Highway 60 between Canadian and Pampa in the southeastern part of the county.

15 portrait images forming the letters XX

This photograph and scrap album, kept by Ruth Chisum of Miami, Texas, records the organized outdoor activities of the XX Club of Miami 1922-1923. More than 400 photographs, clipped images, and news clippings are mounted on these album pages. Portrait images of 15 members of the club form the title “XX Club”.

We do not know much about this women’s social organization. My co-workers and I speculate that the XX Club could have been named for the XX chromosome, XX as in kisses or XX meaning 20 in roman numerals.  One of the joys and frustrations about archives is that sometimes we just can’t find out everything we want to know about a collection!

Members of the XX Club playing in the Vapor Baths of Miami

Club members on horseback

Club members on horseback

Most of the images are uncaptioned, but still manage to narrate the activities of a Texas Panhandle “cowgirl” club in the 1920s. These images record the social club on various outings with many pictures of members in western garb, horseback riding, playing with dogs, hiking, hill climbing, motoring, swimming, and general horsing around the Texas countryside.

Not a bad way to spend the summer months.




Contact Samantha Dodd, curator of the Archives of Women of the Southwest for additional information or assistance with accessing these materials. For more information and access to photograph collections, contact our Curator of Photographs Anne E. Peterson. The DeGolyer continues to expand our digitization efforts, adding new content weekly. We have thousands of items digitized and searchable in our digital collections with many thousands more to come!


Scoring Precision

July 9, 2021

Few events are met with so much anticipation as the Olympic Games. The five interlocking rings; the unmistakable hymn; the torch relay arriving at the opening ceremony; the sportsmanship; records getting broken, and medals decided within hundreds of a second. Bar world wars or a pandemic, athletes, organizers and public come together every four years to either put on or watch the grand spectacle. While the ever-changing rules and scoring systems usually generate much discussion, few give much thought to the technology used to record event results and determine place rankings.

Hand-held calculators and computerized technology entered the sports scene in the 1970s, when they were used to record race results and compute final rankings. However, pen and paper were still the norm when it came to centralizing scores from multiple locations during large events like world championships and the Olympic Games. The change came in 1980, when Texas Instruments, the official supplier of computers and calculators for the Lake Placid Olympic Games, introduced TI-SCORE (Texas Instruments System for Computerized Olympic Results and Events), which, according to a press release from June, 1979, supported “the data entry, processing and worldwide distribution of official results to the press, Olympic officials, participants and visitors from 22 sites in twelve categories, with over 1400 athletes competing in 88 events.” Additional features such as “athlete profiles, starting lists, support for reservations and accreditation for the Olympic Village” were also provided. At a time when there wasn’t an app for it, TI-SCORE came pretty close to becoming one.


The DS990 microcomputer systems, Model 771 intelligent terminals, OMNI 810 and 820 printer terminals, and Silent 700 portable data terminals that comprised the TI SCORE system were the result of Texas Instruments innovations in the field of semiconductor technology, which included areas such as microcomputer and microprocessor technology, thermal printhead technology and magnetic bubble memory. First announced in 1977, the scoring system represented one of TI’s commercial applications that combined microcomputer and programmable calculator capabilities.

The TI DS990 was part of a series of microcomputers first developed by Texas Instruments in 1975 to be software compatible with its 16-bit microprocessors. Later products would include the TI Professional Computer in 1983.

Another use for the DS990 during 1980s Lake Placid Olympics? Working with the Lake Placid Olympic Organizing Committee (LPOOC) to plan a computerized route and schedule for the Olympic torch relay. “With TI’s DS990 dual-host microcomputer system, TI and LPOOC have entered data about the 1,069 checkpoints and a code number indicating whether the participants are running, taking part in periodic ceremonies, or stopping for overnight breaks. From this data, the programmers have established the pace of the 52 relay runners and determined the time between each checkpoint” (Press release, January 4, 1980)

During the workday, TI employees were encouraged to keep up with the Olympic games through TILOR, a program that brought news from the competition to their workstation data terminals.

Today, we take for granted having this kind of information at our fingertips. However, the technology behind scoring sports competitions started to develop decades ago, and Texas Instruments was one of the leading companies that contributed to the field.


The DeGolyer Library is the repository for the Texas Instruments Records. Contact Ada Negraru for more information.

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