“Without a struggle, there can be no progress.” Frederick Douglass’s claim harmonizes with the exact phenomenon journalists felt during the Civil War. A sense of veracity and perseverance was instilled after this life-changing historical period.
The Civil War was a trying time in America’s social and cultural history. We fought against those that were once a part of our country and experienced a war on our nation’s soil. The Civil War exhibit in the Newseum evidences that journalists certainly did face challenges when covering different events caused by the Civil War. The exhibit is arranged where newspapers with their particular headlines are hung along the walls with descriptions surrounding events that affected the news that was reported. Primarily, the display of numerous newspapers revealed that there were many sides to one event. Opinions were so explicitly different that more than just a few publications were necessary. Journalists, because of this, had to not only report on their event as accurately as possible, but they also had to create coverage that attracted readers. After all, isn’t journalism a part of the rhetorical realm? Reporting on a particular event will naturally bear a subtle viewpoint.
Another interesting challenge that I read that newspapers in the South faced, we in a way are beginning to face that same challenge today. Because of the cut in resources the Union imposed on the South after secession, eventually newspapers in the South could no longer provide ink and paper because their supplies always came from the North. If you think about it, our newspapers today are suffering losses in their resources — their form of revenue. Readership is dwindling with the rise in internet readership which is forcing many newspapers to confront their inability to support themselves with what little money is coming in.
Journalists not only had to account for the shift in the nation’s cultural schema, but also the shifting social schema. These transitions posed ethical dilemmas for the nation’s journalists, such as whether journalists should frame their reports in support of their constituents even if it goes against their moral conscience. The Civil War exhibit at the Newseum clearly revealed this balancing act as there were very stark contrasts in headlines and bases of opinions. I can imagine feeling this type of struggle as these journalists probably felt with a country you know and grew up with that shaped you and a country that suddenly does not agree with you. Of course, not all journalists faced these dilemmas, but from what I gathered in the exhibit, these were some pretty tough times to go through.
The display of the newspapers and how they were strategically placed contribute to one’s understanding of how important not only the art of journalism is, but also how vital it is to write and report. This importance contributes even more to the struggle journalists of the Civil War felt in what and how they should report the historical events that happened.