Roza in South Africa

Roza is a junior Hunt Scholar and Mustang Scholar majoring in communication studies in Meadows School of the Arts and political science in Dedman College. During summer 2011, she is participating in SMU-in-South Africa, a four-week study program that introduces students to South African history and culture. She plans to take two courses: “The African Diaspora: Literature and Culture of Black Liberation” as well as “Music Theater Workshop, West Side Story.”

Roza then travels to Washington, D.C., as the 2011 Jack C. and Annette K. Vaughn Foreign Service and International Affairs intern, through SMU’s John Goodwin Tower Center for Political Studies. She is working at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars with the center’s Global Health Initiative.

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Long road to equality

Nothing makes you forget  about all your problems and worries like visiting District Six, Robben Island, and learning all about the political prisoners who fought against apartheid. During the apartheid era, District Six was proclaimed a whites-only area, so all the non-white residents were uprooted from there and displaced, many of them left homeless. To walk around the buildings and the area where only blacks were allowed to enter just a few years ago, brought back the same feelings I had while I was on the Civil Rights Pilgrimage visiting the Little Rock Central National Historic Site.

Once the tour of District Six concluded, we made our way to Robben Island.

Robben Island by itself, separate of its history, is beautiful. In fact, all of us got off the tour bus and had to take pictures by the island. Of course, the history highlights a different kind of reality.

At the Robben Island shore

The group at Robben Island shore

This tour was perhaps the most enlightening experience of my entire trip. To walk into the cell where Nelson Mandela spent 18 years in prison was an experience like no other.  Hard to believe that such a courageous and successful leader of the country was tortured and locked up in a tiny cell. His cell contained minimal belongings, a thin blanket laid on the floor,  a pillow made out of a bundle of linens, a small tiny desk stand, and a bucket. Other than that it was a cold and barren cell that imprisoned one who would eventually become one of the world’s most powerful political leaders.

Meager furnishings in the cell where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned

After listening to horrific stories about the ways in which the prisoners were mistreated, I had a better understanding of why South Africans idealize Mandela. Without him, the nation would still be under the same apartheid system – segregation in public schools, housing, public facilities and health care, among other areas. However, Mandela and his political leadership team worked diligently to overturn the Nationalists’ racist policies. Although South Africa still has a long way to go from achieving equality, Mandela’s leadership has brought significant improvements.

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