Dallas Morning News: SMU professor studies mental lapses like Perry’s

Dallas Morning News columnist Steve Blow interviewed SMU Psychology Professor Alan Brown about what caused Texas Gov. Rick Perry during a recent GOP debate to forget which federal departments he wanted to abolish. Blow’s article, “SMU professor studies mental lapses like Perry’s,” was published Nov. 16.

Brown has studied the phenomenon and has written a book about “Tip of the Tongue” experiences.

Brown’s research primarily involves how people store and retrieve information about the real world, and the manner in which these processes fail us, including the tip of the tongue experience, where one is momentarily stymied in accessing well-stored knowledge.

Another such phenomenon is the false positive recognition experience of déjà vu, where a present experience seems subjectively familiar when one knows that it is objectively new. Brown is currently extending the TOT research to identify the factors underlying repeated TOTs, and whether these change in frequency with age.

Read the full story.

EXCERPT:

By Steve Blow
Dallas Morning News

Now that the politics of Rick Perry’s brain freeze have been thoroughly analyzed, let’s look at the psychology of it.

We happen to have an authority on the subject in our own backyard. In fact, Southern Methodist University psychology professor Alan Brown has just written an entire book on this all-too-familiar phenomenon.

The Tip of the Tongue State, his academic treatise is called.

Researchers refer to the mental lapses as TOTs. But for now, a new name has taken hold — “a Perry moment.”

The governor’s predicament was painful to watch because we’ve all been there. In fact, I was there just last Friday night in front of a huge ballroom full of people. And Professor Brown helped me understand a little more of what happened to me and to the governor.

In my case, I was emceeing the Center for Nonprofit Management’s big annual dinner and awards program. I wanted to begin on that Veterans Day by honoring the veterans in attendance and also anyone on active duty or …

Or …

The word “recruit” had popped into my head. But I knew that wasn’t the word I wanted. Related, but not right. So I flailed around, stammering and stuttering. It was ugly.

Finally, someone at a table down front helped me out. “Reserve,” a voice said from the darkness.

Of course! Hallelujah! Reserve duty — that’s the plain-as-day word I was looking for. And Brown points out that “recruit” begins just like “reserve,” which is a common factor in tip-of-the-tongue mishaps.

We seem to blank out worst when a similar word blocks the way. “Some researchers have called them ‘ugly stepsister words,’” Brown said. “They keep the prince from finding Cinderella.”

Read the full story.

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