CUL Digital Collections Update: December 2012

 

CUL Digital Collections

[First TI logo], January 1951 In December, staff at SMU’s CUL Digital Collections created a new web page for and uploaded 218 files into the new Texas Instruments Records digital collection. This was a joint project with TI.

We created a web page for, made fully public, and added 38 additional items into the Belo Records, 1842-2007 digital collection. Dallas Morning News Bldg., Dallas, Texas, ca. 1900-1901

Shown above left: [First TI logo], January 1951, from the new Texas Instruments Records digital collection. Right: Dallas Morning News Bldg., Dallas, Texas, ca. 1900-1901, from the Belo Records, 1842-2007 digital collection.

In December 2012, CUL uploaded 735 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 29,675 published items.

Highlights include:

page 19 from Everett Spruce's Make-A-Note brand sketchbookEverett Spruce’s Ennis Figure Pads brand sketchbook, ca. 1950s, comprising 26 pages of sketches, as part of the Texas Art Collectors Organization (TACO) digitization fund

Everett Spruce’s Make-A-Note brand sketchbook, comprising 50 pages, as part of the TACO digitization fund

Everett Spruce’s [E. Spruce Sketches 1931-32 sketchbook], 1931-1932, comprising 65 pages, as part of the TACO digitization fund

Everett Spruce’s [Rembrandt Oil and Water Colors brand sketchbook], ca. 1940-1941, comprising 15 pages, as part of the TACO digitization fund

Everett Spruce’s [Loose individual sketches], ca. 1939-1940, comprising 41 sketches, as part of the TACO digitization fund

Anti-aircraft, Puerto Rico, pre-war, 193923 Texas-related oil negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant

34 transparencies of Puerto Rico in 1939 by Robert Yarnall Richie

59 early campus newspapers from 1936 in the Southern Methodist University Student Newspapers collection

 [Temple of the Jaguar #68], 1938, by Octavio Medellin105 slides in Octavio Medellin: Works of Art and Artistic Processes

44 stereoviews from Western expedition, railroad and survey stereographs

Shown top right: Sketch of a tree by Everett Spruce, one of some 200 pages of his sketches that were uploaded in December.  Above right: Anti-aircraft, Puerto Rico, pre-war is from a set of negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie documenting the development of the armed forces in Puerto Rico at the onset of World War II. Above right: [Temple of the Jaguar #68], 1938, by Octavio Medellin, was one of 15 Mayan-inspired slides also uploaded into CUL’s Flickr: The Commons Photostream this month.

 

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CUL Digital Collections Update: November 2012

CUL Digital Collections

New additions to CUL Digital Collections in November 2012

Bow view - 'Lusitania' from the The Cunard Express Steamer 'Lusitania' booklet, 1906In November 2012, CUL uploaded 640 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 28,940 published items.

Highlights include:

92 Texas-related oil negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant

38 negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie, including 14 aerial views of mansions and other places in New York and 18 negatives of musicians in the Houston Symphony Orchestra from October 1940

The Cunard Express Steamer “Lusitania” pamphlet, 1906

57 early campus newspapers in the Southern Methodist University Student Newspapers collection

Hunting journal, [page 65], watercolorPhotographic views of Sherman’s campaign, from negatives taken in the field, ca. 1864-1866, by George Barnard, containing 61 prints and an accompanying booklet.

33 photographs showing various scenes in Alaska and Canada during the Gold Rush of the late 1890s

Hunting journal, 1877, a 94-page document by Algernon Heber Percy and his wife

179 slides in Octavio Medellin: Works of Art and Artistic Processes

10 images from the El Paso, Texas and Paseo del Norte, Mexico photographs

59 documents in the Cantonment Burgwin Postings collection

10 cards from the Baldwin Locomotive Works builder’s cards

Shown above right: Bow view – ‘”Lusitania” from the The Cunard Express Steamer “Lusitania” booklet, 1906, uploaded this month. Shown above left: Watercolor from page 65 of Hunting Journal, 1877.

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Photographic views of William T. Sherman’s campaign available online

Ruins of the Pinckney Mansion, Charleston, S.C.

Ruins of the Pinckney Mansion, Charleston, S.C.

George N. Barnard was one of the most skilled and versatile cameramen of the Civil War, photographing in the Virginia area, Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina. He worked independently and for E. & H.T. Anthony & Co., Brady & Co. and Alexander Gardner.

Ruins in Columbia, S.C. No. 2.

Ruins in Columbia, S.C. No. 2.

More mobile than many operators, in late 1863, Barnard was hired by the Topographical Branch of the Department of Engineers, Army of the Cumberland to make photographs in the West. Barnard worked in Nashville, Chattanooga, and Knoxville and from there went to Atlanta. He documented the destruction in Atlanta and then followed General William Tecumseh Sherman to the coast. Barnard personally found the destruction of the Atlanta disturbing.

Exterior view of Fort Sumpter [sic].

Exterior view of Fort Sumpter [sic].

During the war, Barnard conceived the idea of a photographically illustrated book similar to Gardner’s Photographic Sketch Book of the War. Barnard realized he needed more plates for his publication having been slowed during the war by the rapid movements of the army and went back out in the field to photograph areas he missed.

His resultant book, Photographic views of Sherman’s campaign, from negatives taken in the field is held by SMU’s DeGolyer Library and now available online in SMU’s CUL Digital Collections in the Civil War: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints collection.

Exterior view of Fort Sumpter [sic].[/caption]The volume of 61 stunning albumen silver prints taken between 1864 and 1866 starts in Nashville and ends in Charleston. It is accompanied by a booklet, also online, with information about the plates and related Civil War battles.

After the war, Barnard continued his photographic work in Charleston, Chicago, Alabama and New York.

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Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey, Edwin J. Foscue Map Library

Close up from Grid 08: White Rock Lake (unlabeled), Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

Close up from Grid 08: White Rock Lake (unlabeled), Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

SMU’s CUL Digital Collections has made available the Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA  Survey. This online collection complements the Dallas Historic Aerial Photographs, 1930 Fairchild Survey.

There are 16 pairs of images in the Dallas Aerial Photographs, USDA 1945 Survey digital collection that portray various locations in the Dallas metropolitan area as well as Irving, Grand Prairie, and Hutchins. The original photographs were taken by the Army Air Forces for the United States Department of Agriculture and were developed by the Western Aerial Photographic Laboratory in Salt Lake City, Utah. The purpose of the photographs was to survey farmland, which covered large portions of the Dallas area at the time.

The aerial survey collection is housed in the Edwin J. Foscue Map Library. The library worked with regional historian George Cearley to identify important features in the photographs such as major roads, railways, and landmarks. In the digital collection, there are two versions of each image, labeled and unlabeled. Labeled images include markers that correspond to a legend that appears below the image.

Close up of Grid 02, showing Field Circle, junction of Highways 77 / 114 / 183, Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

Close up of Grid 02, showing Field Circle, junction of Highways 77 / 114 / 183, Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

The United States Department of Agriculture’s Farm Security Agency created aerial photographs as a means of surveying farmland. The practice of surveying began shortly after the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act introduced programs that would require farmers to provide accurate measurements in order to participate. Farm programs were designed to stabilize prices, arbitrate mortgage agreements, and insure loans for rural housing and business. Originally, surveying was done by placing chains around fields and creating hand drawn maps. By the 1940s, aerial photography was used as a more efficient and accurate method, and the USDA created two aerial photography labs, one in Asheville, North Carolina, and the other in Salt Lake City, Utah (which developed this set of images). USDA aerial photography was consolidated to the Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO) in Salt Lake City in 1976.

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CUL Digital Collections Update: October 2012

Refinery, Humble Oil and Refining Co., TX

Refinery, Humble Oil and Refining Co., TX, October 1949, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

In October 2012, SMU Central University Libraries uploaded 624 items into CUL Digital Collections. CUL now has approximately 28,300 published items.

Highlights include:

47 Texas-related oil negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant

38 negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie, including aerial views of Palm Beach and other estates, as well as family photos

57 photographs and real photographic postcards from the Brehme Photographs of Mexico

32 aerial photographs from the Foscue Map Library’s Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

Thomas W. Dealey, drawing by John Francis Knott, 1942

Thomas W. Dealey, drawing by John Francis Knott, 1942

27 photographs and sketches from the Belo Records, 1888-2007, including 22 portrait drawings of Belo executives and journalists, by artist John Knott

266 slides in Octavio Medellin: Works of Art and Artistic Processes

36 items
from the Manning Texas and Mexico Collection, including five aerial photographs of Tampico and Veracruz by the Fairlchild Aerial Survey, and 31 postcards of Mexican volcanos, street scenes, and people.

114 early campus newspapers in the Southern Methodist University Student Newspapers collection

6 cartes de visite and stereoviews relating to the Civil War

Shown above right: [Sabine Transportation oil tanker, ''Brazos''], 1956, Port Arthur, TX, by Robert Yarnall Richie, was uploaded as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant. Shown left: Col. A.H. Belo, drawing by John Knott, 1944.

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CUL Digital Collections Spotlight: October 2012

Selected items added to SMU CUL Digital Collections in October 2012

White Rock Lake (labeled), Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

White Rock Lake (labeled), Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey

Petrochemicals plant, Jefferson Chemical Co., Groves, TX, February 25, 1952, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Petrochemicals plant, Jefferson Chemical Co., Groves, TX, February 25, 1952, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Oil refinery located at Minatitlan, Mexico, ca. 1920-1928, Manning Texas and Mexico collection

Oil refinery located at Minatitlan, Mexico, ca. 1920-1928, Manning Texas and Mexico collection

Col. A.H. Belo, drawing by John Knott, 1944,  Belo Records, 1842-2007

Col. A.H. Belo, drawing by John Knott, 1944, Belo Records, 1842-2007

The Dallas Morning News news room, ca. 1903-1905, Belo Records, 1842-2007

The Dallas Morning News news room, ca. 1903-1905, Belo Records, 1842-2007

The Semi-Weekly Campus, November 3, 1934, SMU Student Newspapers

The Semi-Weekly Campus, November 3, 1934, SMU Student Newspapers

Oil well drilling rig, Atlantic Refining Co., July 1957, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Oil well drilling rig, Atlantic Refining Co., July 1957, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Cut off valve at refinery plant, Nordstrom Valve Company, December 1947, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Cut off valve at refinery plant, Nordstrom Valve Company, December 1947, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Sabine Transportation oil tanker, ''Brazos'', 1956, Port Arthur, TX, Robert Yarnall Richie Photographs

Sabine Transportation oil tanker, ”Brazos”, 1956, Port Arthur, TX, Robert Yarnall Richie Photographs

La Piramide del Sol, San Juan Teotihuacan, ca. 1905-1920, Brehme photographs of Mexico

La Piramide del Sol, San Juan Teotihuacan, ca. 1905-1920, Brehme photographs of Mexico

Acueducto de los Remedios, ca. 1905-1920, Brehme photographs of Mexico

Acueducto de los Remedios, ca. 1905-1920, Brehme photographs of Mexico

Taxco, Gro, Mexico D.F., ca. 1920s, Brehme photographs of Mexico

Taxco, Gro, Mexico D.F., ca. 1920s, Brehme photographs of Mexico

Cerrito de San Miguel, Atlixco, Puebla, ca. 1908-1924, Manning Texas and Mexico collection

Cerrito de San Miguel, Atlixco, Puebla, ca. 1908-1924, Manning Texas and Mexico collection

Portal Cafe Diligencias, Veracruz, ca. 1908-1924, Manning Texas and Mexico collection

Portal Cafe Diligencias, Veracruz, ca. 1908-1924, Manning Texas and Mexico collection

Carte de visite of girl holding basket and receipt from Gardner studio, 1868, Alexander Gardner cartes de visite and portraits

Carte de visite of girl holding basket and receipt from Gardner studio, 1868, Alexander Gardner cartes de visite and portraits

''Our Lady of the Throne of Wisdom'', ca. 1965, Octavio Medellin Works of Art and Artistic Processes

”Our Lady of the Throne of Wisdom”, ca. 1965, Octavio Medellin Works of Art and Artistic Processes

Irving J. Reuter's ''Villa Janirve'' estate, Miami Beach, FL, ca. 1932-1934, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

Irving J. Reuter’s ”Villa Janirve” estate, Miami Beach, FL, ca. 1932-1934, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

R.S. Reynold's ''Winfield Hall' estate, Glen Cove, NY, ca. 1932-1932, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

R.S. Reynold’s ”Winfield Hall’ estate, Glen Cove, NY, ca. 1932-1932, Robert Yarnall Richie photographs

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SMU DeGolyer Library’s Brehme photographs of Mexico

La Piramide del Sol, San Juan Teotihuacan

La Piramide del Sol, San Juan Teotihuacan, ca. 1905-1920, by Hugo Brehme

Seventy-eight photographs and real photographic postcards by Hugo Brehme depicting the Mexican landscape between the years 1905 and 1920 are now available online. The images, held by SMU’s DeGolyer Library, are part of the Mexico: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection, one of more than 30 digital collections that form part of CUL Digital Collections.

Ernst Hugo Brehme, born in Germany in 1882, cultivated a love for photography that would lead him to shoot in remote areas of Africa and Mexico. After moving to Mexico in 1908, Brehme photographed numerous monuments, towns and indigenous people that would result in a collection of images that captured the spirit of the Mexican people.

Taxco, Gro, Mexico D.F.

Taxco, Gro, Mexico D.F. , ca. 1920s, hand-colored, gelatin silver print by Hugo Brehme

Mexico’s famous volcanoes Ixtaccihuatl and Popocatepetl figure prominently in Brehme’s portfolio, and beautiful photographs of both appear throughout the online collection. Brehme was renowned for and earned his living by publishing guidebooks, which featured photographs of sites that would be likely tourist destinations.

El Ixtaccihuatl y el Popocatepetl

El Ixtaccihuatl y el Popocatepetl, ca. 1908-1915, by Hugo Brehme

The Brehme collection also includes Monumento Washington, a photograph of the George Washington statue which was subsequently torn down and dragged through the streets following the United States’ occupation of Veracruz during the Mexican Revolution. Also of note in the collection are two hand-colored photographs, ca. 1920s.

For more background, see Manion, Mary, Today’s artists are still being inspired by Hugo Brehme photography, Antique Trader.

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The Texas Oil Industry Illustrated through Postcards

 

Borger, Texas, ca. 1926

Borger, Texas, ca. 1926

191 postcards that depict the oil boom in Texas are now available online in the Texas: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection, which is one of more than 30 digital collections that form part of CUL Digital Collections. The postcards are held by SMU’s DeGolyer Library.

Many of the postcards show the rapid growth in Texas oil towns. Take, for example, the 26 real photographic postcards that show the growth of Borger, TX. Borger grew quickly in the 1920s when the railroad completed a spur to the town. It then built a post office, a school, a hotel, a jail and added telephone service and electricity. The town attracted not only oilmen and roughnecks, but also criminals and persons of ill repute.

P. F. Co.'s 55,000 Oil Tank struck by lightning Aug. 5, 1912, Electra, Texas

P. F. Co.’s 55,000 Oil Tank struck by lightning Aug. 5, 1912, Electra, Texas

The town was given the title, “The wickedest place in the world.” Robberies, murders and organized crime were an everyday event in Borger. Governor Dan Moody sent the Texas Rangers to provide stability and sent the Texas National Guard to impose martial law after the district attorney, John A. Holmes, was assassinated outside of his home on September 18, 1929. The Rangers closed down all the saloons and brothels and encouraged many criminals to leave town. Borger then settled down and became a major shipping area for produce and petroleum products. (Source: Borger, TX, The Handbook of Texas Online, Texas State Historical Association)

In addition, a number of the postcard views of the oil boom document vividly the effects of fires from oil wells and storage tanks that were hit by lightning or were set off by a spark when natural gas was unexpectedly found while drilling for oil.

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Institute of Museum and Library Services

The oil-related postcards were made available through funding from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission as part of the TexTreasures program. The TexTreasures program was funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries and 17,500 museums. The Institute’s mission is to create strong libraries and museums that connect people to information and ideas.

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CUL Digital Collections: September 2012

[Two women], ca. 1847-1859

[Two women], ca. 1847-1859

In September 2012, CUL uploaded 1,098 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 26,680 published items.

Highlights include:

114 images in the Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photographs collection, including 26 cased daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, and tintypes

776 slides in Octavio Medellin: Works of Art and Artistic Processes, including Box 6 containing the series on Guatemala, Travels to Mexico, and The Adolescent

Relief Tikal, Museum of Guatemala, 1959, slide by Octavio Medellin

Relief Tikal, Museum of Guatemala, 1959, slide by Octavio Medellin

30 photographs of French and German locomotives from the David Goodyear Collection of foreign railroad photographs

45 negatives, mainly of Southern Pacific locomotives, from the Collection of railroad negatives

30 cards from the Baldwin Locomotive Works builder’s cards

83 early campus newspapers in the Southern Methodist University Student Newspapers collection

Carta corografica del Estado de Bolivar, 1865

Carta corografica del Estado de Bolivar, 1865

6 panoramic postcards from the Manning Texas and Mexico collection

5 cartes de visite from the Collection of Civil War and military cartes de visite and portraits

8 maps depicting eight of the nine states that comprised the United States of Colombia in 1865

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Early Texas Postcards from SMU’s DeGolyer Library

Early Texas Postcards from SMU’s DeGolyer Library

Port Lavaca, Texas, ca. 1906

Port Lavaca, Texas, ca. 1906

More than 1,300 early Texas postcards from SMU’s DeGolyer Library are now available online in the Texas: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection, which is one of more than 30 digital collections that form part of CUL Digital Collections.

The DeGolyer Library’s early Texas postcard collections provide a unique, visual glimpse of Texas history during the late 19th and early 20th century. These collections are especially interesting because of the large number of real photographic postcards showing distinctly local views of Texas.

Fire in Electra, Texas, ca. 1910s

Fire in Electra, Texas, ca. 1910s

These collections are important, because they illustrate a time of great change in Texas. Essentially, these images trace the visual history of Texas during the first two decades of the 20th century. They show developing towns and cities with changing skylines, street scenes, churches, schools and universities, local events and disasters, landscapes, agriculture, and the rise of such new industries as oil, railroads, tourism, recreation and banking. They preserve a particularly local view of time and place in Texas. many postcards illustrate the operations of the oil industry in its early years as well as show the dangers involved.

Much of the DeGolyer Library’s early Texas postcard collection are “real photographic postcards” in that they are true photographs printed on postcard stock paper. Such cards, often made spontaneously by entrepreneurial, traveling photographers, can be the only record of a small-town event otherwise lost in time. In addition, since postcards fall under the category of ephemera, or materials that are not considered particularly valuable, they were frequently discarded; therefore, many that remain may be unique records of the past.

One of Galveston's Beautiful Homes, Galveston, Texas, ca. 1910s

One of Galveston’s Beautiful Homes, Galveston, Texas, ca. 1910s

Somewhat older than the real photographic cards are printed, color halftone photomechanical  postcards made by professional companies. These were sometimes printed locally, but many were manufactured in Germany, a country that specialized in the process. After the outbreak of World War I, overseas imports ceased. Together, the real photographic postcards and printed postcards represent a fascinating piece of Texas history.

The DeGolyer Texas postcards are located in three accessions: The Eric Steinfeldt Collection of Maritime Views; the Collection of Real Photographic Postcards of Texas, and the Collection of Texas Postcards.

Tornado in Austin, Texas, 1922

Tornado in Austin, Texas, 1922

SMU, through its Central University Libraries (CUL), has recently digitized and made available on the Internet more than 1,300 of these postcards, which depict buildings, people, events, and industries in Texas. The digitized postcards can be used by a wide range of user communities for applications such as historic preservation, genealogical research, re-photography, and the study of Texas.

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Institute of Museum and Library Services

Throughout 2012 digitization of 1,240 of the early Texas postcards was funded by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission as part of the TexTreasures program. The TexTreasures program was funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries and 17,500 museums. The Institute’s mission is to create strong libraries and museums that connect people to information and ideas.

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