CUL Digital Collections Update: December 2013

In December 2013, SMU Central University Libraries (CUL) uploaded 488 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has 35,699 published items.

Mr. Turtledove, Trying to get out of the Difficulty.

Mr. Turtledove, Trying to get out of the Difficulty.

Highlights include:

172 non-oil related Texas negatives, ca. 1930s-1940s, by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant. Companies depicted include Houston Pipe Line Company, American Airlines, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Pepperrell Manurfacturing Co., and Engineering Labs Inc. Also uploaded were 25 negatives of Randolph Air Base, San Antonio, during World War II.

11 stereoviews from the New French Cook series, 1902, from the Banks McLaurin, Jr. Stereograph Collection

The Camera in the Southwest, [page 23], 1904, The Fred Harvey Co.

The Camera in the Southwest, [page 23], 1904, The Fred Harvey Co.

Camera of the Southwest, 1904, Through the Southwest along the Santa Fe, ca. 1906, The California Limited: Thirteenth Season, 1907-1908, Roads to Yesterday: Along the Indian-detour, ca. 1920, The Koshare Tours fascinating motor trips from Albuquerque to Mountains and Mesas …, ca. 1922, and They Know New Mexico, Intimate Sketches by Western Writers, 1928. These books and pamphlets, published by The Fred Harvey Co. and/or the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company, promoted tourism in the Southwest at the turn of the 20th century. Some of the items were annotated with historical context by Carrie Johnston, English PhD candidate, SMU, 2013, as part of a Digital Humanities project with Central University Libraries.

4 lithographs from the Martin Garretson Buffalo Prints, 1914, that depict the decline of the buffalo population due to hunting in the 1860s-1880s.

5-part story on torpedo boats that ran in Engineering: An Illustrated Weekly Journal, 1884.

25 currency notes in the Rowe-Barr Collection of Texas Currency, including treasury warrants that were issued for military and civil service. Included is a $1 treasury note from 1862 payable to Francis Richard Lubbock, governor of Texas at the time, for civil service work. This note is equivalent to $23.50 today.

Mountain Charley, or the Adventures of Mrs. E. J. Guerin, Who Was Thirteen Years in Male Attire. An Autobiography Comprising a Period of Thirteen Years Life in the States, California, and Pike’s Peak, 1861, by Elsa Jane Guerin

[Sculpture, Mayan Ruins, Chichen Itza], 1938, by Octavio Medellin

[Sculpture, Mayan Ruins, Chichen Itza], 1938, by Octavio Medellin

63 stereoviews from the Collection of Texas stereographs that show various locations in/around Texas, ca. 1880s-1930s, including Galveston (during the 1900 hurricane), San Antonio, El Paso, Austin, Brownsville, King’s Ranch, and more.

6 photographs from the Locomotive Builders’ Collection, primarily locomotives from the NE United States

185 pages from Maya-Toltec Temples and Carvings, 1938, a photograph album by Octavio Medellin documenting his trip to Chichén Itzá and Uxmal, where he and studied the ancient Mayan art that greatly influenced his art work and sculpture throughout his career. The photographs in the album contain images of Medellin’s travels in Mexico, his family, the ruins at Chichén Itzá, people associated with the ancient Mayan sites, and his art and travel friends David and Kayla Slivka.

Posted in American Indians, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas artists, Texas photographs, U.S. West | Leave a comment

Coco Chanel’s Dallas Visit, September 1957

On December 10, 2013, the House of Chanel will host the Métiers d’Art, a “yearly pre-fall collection and runway show dedicated to the history of the house’s founder, Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel” (Dallasnews.com, 2013) in Fair Park, Dallas. Chanel’s roots in Texas go back to 1957, when she first visited Dallas to receive an award from the Neiman Marcus luxury department store.

In preparation to celebrate the company’s 50th Anniversary, Neiman Marcus founder Stanley Marcus planned a series of events designed to promote both French culture and fashion within the community, some of which would become Dallas traditions over the following years.

Photographs, letters, telegrams, and documents related to these events are available online in SMU’s DeGolyer Library: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection. The items are part of the Stanley Marcus Papers, held by the DeGolyer Library.

In 1938, Stanley Marcus inaugurated the Neiman Marcus Award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion, bringing European and American fashion designers and women of style to Dallas. Called the “Oscars of the Fashion Industry,” the Neiman Marcus Fashion Awards were given to: Coco Chanel, Hattie Carnegie, Yves Saint Laurent, Elizabeth Arden, Christian Dior, Salvatore Ferragamo, Jacques Fath, James Galanos, Emilio Pucci, Pierre Balmain, Grace Kelly, Cecil Beaton, Estee Lauder, Anne Kleine, Valentino, Bill Blass, Oscar de la Renta, Marc Bohan, and Greer Garson.

September 1957 saw the arrival of Coco Chanel to Dallas, where she was the guest of honor in the Neiman Marcus 50th Anniversary celebration. Coco Chanel would be the first individual to receive a gold version of the coveted Neiman Marcus Award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion. 

The golden anniversary of the store was jointly celebrated by Rolls Royce. Executives from both the United States and United Kingdom offices of the Rolls Royce Company made the journey to Dallas to participate in the celebration. For the occasion they sent a cavalcade of cars to Dallas, including a white one to pick Coco Chanel up at Love Field.

One of the special events was a Western-themed party held at Edward Marcus’s Black Mark Farm in Flower Mound. Coco Chanel described a bovine fashion show that took place:  “A pair of unlikely newlyweds suddenly appeared in the converging beams of a number of spotlights: a very young bull stuffed into evening clothes and wearing a top hat between his horns, and an equally young heifer in white Chanel with a long veil (Picardie, 2010).” Dr. Frederick Llewellyn Smith, the Managing Director of Rolls Royce, made an appearance at the Marcus Western party, at one point riding a tractor equipped with a giant Rolls Royce grill.

In 1957, for the 50th anniversary of the store, Stanley Marcus also had the brilliant idea of bringing international culture to North Texas in the form of the first Fortnight celebrating France. Fortnight was an instant success. Inspired by a trip to Stockholm in 1956, the Fortnights were two-week long celebrations, which wedded the cultural with the commercial, promoting the goods, services and culture of the “theme” country (Gurock, 1998), (Dunn, 1984).

For the initial Fortnight, Stanley Marcus secured the cooperation of several civic leaders and groups, resulting in it becoming a community event with specialized displays, such as 32 Toulouse-Lautrec paintings at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts (now the Dallas Museum of Art), which were specifically imported for the event from Albi, along with one of the largest displays of French tapestries in the United States, and several French films playing in art house venues throughout the Metroplex (Dunn, 1984).

In addition to the presence of French objets d’art, as well as an abundance of French artisan handicrafts, Marcus invited French dignitaries, models, business, fashion and cultural leaders, writers and filmmakers to participate in the event, many of whom were flown into Dallas via the first International Flight into the Dallas-Fort Worth area (Vogue, 1957). The specially chartered flight from Air France landed in Dallas Love Field, and the landing rights had been secured for the event by then-Senator Lyndon B. Johnson (Dunn, 1984). Once there, invited guests, as well as the general public, were treated to wine-tasting sessions, French-cooking demonstrations, Fashion Showings by members of the Paris Couture Syndicate, art displays, and even Guignol (puppet show) performances for the children (Vogue, 1957).


Overall, Neiman Marcus spent a total of about $400,000 at the initial Fortnight event, and it garnered an estimated $2 million in revenues for the company (Dunn, 1984), (Gurock, 1998). The event was deemed such a success that Neiman Marcus proceeded to make it a regular, yearly event for the next 29 years. Famed designer Alvin Colt was brought in by Neiman Marcus in 1963 to design the installations for the Fortnight, and he continued to do so until they ended in 1986 (SMU, n.d.).

The visit was important to Coco Chanel’s career, as well, and is one of the main reasons Métiers d’Art will take place in Dallas. According to Karl Lagerfeld, Chanel’s head designer and creative director, “When Chanel reopened [after World War II], the French press was beyond nasty. The only press that understood it immediately was the American press, and Neiman Marcus gave her the Oscar for her collection, so I think it’s a nice thing to go there (Houston Chronicle, 2013).”

Both the Stanley Marcus Papers and the Alvin Colt design drawings, photographs, and other materials for Neiman Marcus Fortnights are held at SMU’s DeGolyer Library. For more information, contact degolyer@smu.edu. Digitized items are part of SMU Central University Libraries’ CUL Digital Collections.

Sources:
Various details for this blog posting were taken from internal Neiman Marcus memorandums and correspondence regarding their 50th Anniversary celebration. Stanley Marcus Papers,  DeGolyer Library, SMU.

“Métiers d’Art, a yearly pre-fall collection and runway show dedicated to the history of the house’s founder, Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel.” November 19, 2013. DallasNews.com. Retrieved from: http://fdluxe.dallasnews.com/2013/11/chanel-to-take-over-fair-park-in-dallas-on-december-10-for-its-wild-metiers-dart-fashion-show.html/

Dunn, S. October 1984. “Fabulous Fortnight ’84: The Neiman-Marcus extravaganza brings Britain back to Dallas.” D Magazine. Retrieved from: http://www.dmagazine.com/Home/1984/10/01/FABULOUS_FORTNIGHT_84.aspx

Gurock, J. 1998. Central European Jews in America, 1840-1880: Migration and advancement. London: Routledge

Picardie, J. 2010. Coco Chanel: The legend and the life. London: Harper Collins Publishers.

SMU Central University Libraries. 2007. “This fall at the State Fair of Texas: Neiman Marcus Fortnight.”  Annotations. Retrieved from: http://smu.edu/newsinfo/excerpts/fortnight-annotations-spring2007.asp

SMU Central University Libraries. Alvin Colt design drawings, photographs, and other materials for Neiman Marcus: A Guide to the Collection. Retrieved from: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/smu/00017/smu-00017.html

Editors of Vogue. October 15, 1957. Part for France in Texas: Distinguished visitors going to the Neiman-Marcus Quinzaine. Vogue.

Sewing Joy. November 22, 2013. “Chanel’s Karl Langerfeld brings ‘Metiers d’Art’ show to Dallas. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved from: http://www.chron.com/life/style/fashion/article/Chanel-s-Karl-Langerfeld-brings-Metiers-d-Art-5003042.php

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections Update: November 2013

[Frank Mudge Edwards, 87 Years Old, Painting Mural at Pleasure Hill], September 1942, by Robert Yarnall Richie

[Frank Mudge Edwards, 87 Years Old, Painting Mural at Pleasure Hill], September 1942, by Robert Yarnall Richie

In November 2013, CUL uploaded 476 items into our CONTENTdm collections.

Highlights include:

134 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant to digitize photographs and negatives of Richie’s non-oil-related clients in Texas. Clients and companies depicted include Lockheed Aircraft Corp., Delta Airlines, Sloane-Blabon Corporation, Moran Towing, Baroid Sales Company, Dayton Rubber Company, Pepperell Manufacturing Company, Stewart Bolling Company, and Guiberson Corporation.

One of the Richie negative series shows Texas artist Frank Mudge Edwards at his house in Pleasant Hill. Several negative series include pictures of Paul M. Raigorodsky, including photographs of him and his family at their “Datcha” ranch, where Richie visited. Raigorodsky testified before Mr. Albert E. Jenner, Jr., assistant counsel of the President’s Commission (the Warren Commission) on March 31, 1964. His testimony described his relationship with George De Mohrenschildt, a friend and associate of Lee Harvey Oswald.

Caves of Elephanta - 3. The Water Cave, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson and William Henderson [attributed]

Caves of Elephanta – 3. The Water Cave, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson and William Henderson [attributed]

76 currency notes in the Rowe-Barr Collection of Texas Currency,including treasury warrants that were issued for military and civil service.

92 out of the total 102 pages in the Photographs of Western India. Volume II. Scenery, Public Buildings by William Johnson, ca. 1855-1862, which includes views and panoramas, of cities and towns, many in Mumbai (Bombay), temples, churches, boats, ships, harbors, rivers, railroads, palace ruins, caves, and forts.

Photographs from Journey through the Yellowstone National Park and Northwestern Wyoming, 1883. In July of 1883, President Chester A. Arthur and his executive staff embarked on a 6-week journey, covering more than 500 miles, through the northern Wyoming Territory to Yellowstone National Park. The goal of the trip, besides being a much needed change of venue for the ailing President, was to raise awareness of the need for preservation of the National Park by showing the public the beauty and attractions, both along the route of and within the park.

Caa-Tou-See, An Ojibway, 1842

Caa-Tou-See, An Ojibway, 1842

28 documents from the Stanley Marcus Papers relating to Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel’s visit to Dallas in September 1957 and the subsequent premier of the Neiman-Marcus Fortnight in October, which centered around a French theme. Coco Chanel attended the 20th Annual Neiman-Marcus Fashion Exposition where she received the Neiman-Marcus award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion.

The History of the Indian tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes, 1842, of the principal chiefs, a two volume set: 48 prints from History of the Indian tribes of North America, Volume 1 and 48 prints from History of the Indian tribes of North America, Volume 2.

Posted in American Indians, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas photographs | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections Update: October 2013

Neiman-Marcus brings France to Texas: Everything from A to Z., October 1957

Neiman-Marcus brings France to Texas: Everything from A to Z., October 1957, an advertisement insert included in the October 1957 issues of American Vogue and French Vogue. The insert promotes the first Neiman-Marcus Fortnight event which ran from October 14 thru October 28, 1957. The theme for this event was France, French fashion and French culture.

In October 2013, CUL uploaded 502 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 34,735 published items.

Highlights include:

139 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant

15 photographs and documents from the Stanley Marcus Papers relating to Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel’s visit to Dallas in September 1957 and the subsequent premier of the Neiman-Marcus Fortnight in October, which centered around a French theme. Coco Chanel attended the 20th Annual Neiman-Marcus Fashion Exposition where she received the Neiman-Marcus award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion.

10 contract drawings from the New York Bridge Contract Drawings series for the Manhattan Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge, and Blackwell’s Island Bridge (now known as the Queensboro Bridge), 1903-1908, by the New York Department of Bridges.

44 currency notes in the Rowe-Barr Collection of Texas Currency, many of which were issued in Austin, Travis County, during the years Texas was a Republic and then afterward as a state. They include the following types of currency: exchequer bills, including 5 signed by Sam Houston, change notes, consolidated funds, naval scrip, and treasury warrants. Of particular interest are the naval scrip, which were created when the failure of the (Texas) government to appropriate sufficient funds in 1841 for the operation of the Navy led Commodore E. W. Moore to issue this scrip in anticipation of further appropriations.

22 stereoviews from the Collection of Civil War era stereographs.

7 photographs by Francis Parker, ca. 1882-1895, from El Paso, Texas and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

2 pieces of photographic art by late SMU professor Linda Finnell (1948-1999): Triptych. Linda Finnell, her mother, and her grandmother, and Diptych, and “Orlando,” Linda as a woman, Linda as a man.

7 postcards of Dallas from the Collection of Texas Postcards

Viaduct bei Franzdorf, Stationsplatz Daselbst und der Hirschthaler Viaduct, ca. 1857, Johann Varoni (artist/lithographer)

Viaduct bei Franzdorf, Stationsplatz Daselbst und der Hirschthaler Viaduct (Viaduct near Franzdorf, the railway station of the same name, and the Hirschthaler Viaduct), ca. 1857, Johann Varoni (artist/lithographer)

Zur Erinnerung an die Eröffnung der Staats-Eisenbahn (The Imperial-Royal State Railway from Ljubljana to Trieste), a portfolio of 14 lithographs commemorating the opening of the Sudbahn from Ljubljana, Slovenia, to Trieste, Italy, by Emperor Franz Joseph I on July 27, 1857.

114 photographic prints from the last two volumes of the Les Travaux Publics de la France, 1883, edited by Jules Rothschild: Les Travaux Publics de la France, Tome Quartieme: Ports de Mer and Les Travaux de la France, Tome Cinquieme: Phares et Balises.

Army Portfolio No. 1, 1845, comprising 5 lithographic prints depicting Corpus Christi, Texas, and Monterey, Mexico during the Mexican War.

Union Pacific Railroad. Photographical Illustrations., 1869, by Andrew Russell. The full title of the album is The Great West illustrated in a series of photographic views across the Continent taken along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad, west from Omaha, Nebraska. With an annotated table of contents, giving a brief description of each view; its peculiarities, characteristics, and connection with the different points on the road.

Colorado Landscape by Jerry Bywaters, from the University Art Collection

Colorado Landscape by Jerry Bywaters, from the University Art Collection

10 paintings and prints by Jerry W. Bywaters depicting Texas, New Mexico and Colorado, held by the Meadows Museum for the University Art Collection.

10 builder’s specification cards from the Baldwin Locomotive Works builder’s cards

8 articles from the George Albert Converse Papers and Photographs, including newsclippings, reprints of excerpts of  articles, and pages of articles relating to steamships, torpedo boats and ironclads. There are two articles that pertain to a stern wheeled steamship produced by Yarrow, which was shipped up the Nile for use by General Charles Gordon at the Battle of Khartoum.

Posted in Civil War, Dallas, George Converse Papers and Photographs, Railroads, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas photographs, U.S. West | Leave a comment

Trinity River Flood Control Depicted in Miscellaneous Aerial Views of Dallas, 1930s-1940s

The city of Dallas has a long and tumultuous history with the Trinity River. Photographs now available online from SMU’s Edwin J. Foscue Map Library document a period when Dallas officials began the arduous process of trying to exert control over the river to prevent flooding and support development. The new Miscellaneous Aerial Views of Dallas, 1930s-1940s digital collection contains 41 aerial views taken by Lloyd Long, including several shots of the Trinity River levee system.

A History of Flooding and the Building of the Levee District

In 1908, Dallas experienced the worst flood of the Trinity River it had ever known. The city was bifurcated, with no means of traveling from Oak Cliff into downtown. Five people were killed and 4,000 were left homeless. After this devastating event, discussion began about the possibility of controlling the flood waters of the Trinity River, an essential step to the future development and expansion of Dallas.

After the Kessler Plan of 1912 failed to gather enough steam and financing to become a reality, the mayoral-appointed Ulrickson committee put together a new plan to deal with the problem and to find a way to finance it. The Ulrickson Plan was announced in 1927. Lloyd Long, a firm supporter of the plan, was quoted in the Dallas Morning News: “Any voter who is a property-holder in the city who fails to vote for the Ulrickson Plan is not interested in the future development of Dallas” (What Dallas People Think About Ulrickson Bond Plan, Dallas Morning News, Dec. 11, 1927). Bonds were passed in 1927 and 1928 to finance the ambitious project.

Levee District and Dallas Business District (unlabeled)

Levee District and Dallas Business District (unlabeled), December 6, 1933
Lloyd Long took this photo in 1933 of the brand new Levee District with the Dallas Business District on the right. The Commerce Street Viaduct was finished in 1930, the third bridge from the top in this picture.

Work began in 1928 on digging a new canal for the river and building 30-foot levees in an attempt to reclaim 10,000 acres of property for private development. The river was moved three miles to the west. More than a thousand men worked constant shifts for two years straight to achieve this feat. The reclaimed land would go on to become the sometimes controversial Trinity Industrial District or Levee District, which was being developed by the Industrial Properties Corporation.

In 1933, Long took the Levee District and Dallas Business District (unlabeled) photo of the brand new Levee District with the Dallas Business District on the right. The Commerce Street Viaduct was finished in 1930, the third bridge from the top in this picture.

With the stock market crash of 1929, funding for the project became difficult, particularly because the sewer system to be developed would benefit private landowners outside of the city limits. The Trinity River levees were completed by 1934 and the river was rechanneled, but there were no funds left to build the sewer system that would draw the water out of the swampy soil. Without this, development of the reclaimed land was impossible. During periods of heavy rain, the city of Dallas would redirect floodwater and sewage to the area.

The Levee District is Put to the Test

Central Levee District (unlabeled), May 20, 1935

Central Levee District (unlabeled), May 20, 1935
This photograph taken by Lloyd Long was used by the Dallas Morning News on May 25, 1935 as a testimonial to the success of the levees.

The levees did help in keeping Dallas from experiencing the major flooding of the past. In 1935, heavy rainstorms swept across Texas leaving many homeless and killing several people, but as the Dallas Morning News boasted on May 25, 1935, “Trinity River Levees Successfully Stand First Real Test.”

Long took an aerial photograph of the 1935 floodwaters in the reclaimed land of the Trinity area, Central Levee District (unlabeled). The Industrial Boulevard, pictured parallel to the east levee, was the only road to Fort Worth that remained open during the flood.  This photograph was used by the Dallas Morning News on May 25, 1935, as a testimonial to the success of the levees.

The levees would be further tested with the flood of 1941, when the waters of the Trinity rose to the top of the east levee. The river was at its highest level in 33 years, almost reaching the level of the 1908 flood that had been so devastating. While the city of Dallas was spared massive damage, the waters of the Trinity spread out above and below the levees, destroying property, crops, and livestock, and making many people in outlying areas homeless.  Following are two photos Long took of the Levee District during the 1941 flood.  Both pictures are taken facing north with downtown on the right.

Trinity River Flood (unlabeled)

Trinity River Flood (unlabeled), 1941, by Lloyd Long

You can see that the river is retained by the levees closet to downtown.

The Industrial Properties Corporation experienced financial difficulties throughout the 1930s and, by 1944, had to sell most of its property to pay back taxes. The city legislature formed the Dallas County Flood Control District in 1945 to administer efforts to further the Trinity River project. By the end of World War II, the sewer system was finally finished and the levees were strengthened so that development of the reclaimed land could finally begin. Continental Trailways was the first company to build in the Levee District, opening in 1946 on the intersection of Continental and Industrial. The digital collection includes two pictures that Long took of the development taking place in that area in the late 1940s, which are notable in comparison to the picture of the same area in 1933, shown above in this post. The photographs are Trinity Industrial District (unlabeled), ca. 1948-1949, and Trinity Industrial District (unlabeled), ca. late 1940s.

About the Digital Collection

 Mid-Town Business District - Dallas, Tex. (unlabeled), March 9, 1936

Mid-Town Business District – Dallas, Tex. (unlabeled), March 9, 1936
Features of each aerial photograph in the four aerial survey digital collections from SMU Central University Libraries contain both a labeled and unlabeled version. Labeled features were annotated by regional historian George Cearley.

There are 41 aerial views in Miscellaneous Aerial Views of Dallas, 1930s-1940s collection, representing photographs taken by Lloyd Long in the 1930s and 1940s. The photographs include various images of Dallas, Mountain Creek Lake, White Rock Lake, and the Trinity River, including two aerial surveys (multiple photographs that fit together to make one overall image) of White Rock Lake and the White Rock Creek area. The collection demonstrates Long’s interest in civil engineering and industrial subject matter, exemplified in the images of the Trinity River levee system, the KRLD and WBAP radio transmitters, the Carrollton Dam, and the Mountain Creek General Station. Most of the photographs are taken at an oblique angle.

These photographs are housed in the Edwin J. Foscue Map Library. The library worked with regional historian George Cearley to identify important features in the photographs such as major roads, railways, and landmarks. A transparent overlay with locational markers was created for each photograph to label these features. In the digital collection, there are two versions of each image, labeled and unlabeled. Labeled images replicate the physical overlays created for the originals and correspond to a legend that appears in the Labeled Features metadata field below the image.

The Miscellaneous Aerial Views of Dallas, 1930s-1940s complements the Dallas Historic Aerial Photographs, 1930 Fairchild Survey, and the Dallas Aerial Photographs, 1945 USDA Survey. A related digital collection, White Rock Lake Aerial Photographs, 1927 Fairchild Survey, is available from the DeGolyer Library.

Posted in aerial photographs, Dallas | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections Update: September 2013

[President Theodore Roosevelt in Abilene, Kansas], May 2, 1903

[President Theodore Roosevelt in Abilene, Kansas], May 2, 1903

In September 2013, CUL uploaded 1,086 items into our CONTENTdm collections.

Highlights include:

60 photographs and prints in the newly-created Doris A. and Lawrence H. Budner Collection on Theodore Roosevelt.

410 slides in the Octavio Medellin: Works of Art and Artistic Processes collection, including new series for Reflections in Glass and Uplifting Force.

74 photographs from
Photographs of Western India. Costumes and Characters. Volume I, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson et al.

5 photographs of locomotives and historic railway advertisements from the 1860s-1890s, including three relating to the Texas & Pacific Railroad.

38 stereographs of Texas in the Banks McLaurin, Jr. Stereograph Collection.

Black Horse, Wichita, 1872, by Alexander Gardner

Black Horse, Wichita, 1872, by Alexander Gardner

4 card photographs from the Alexander Gardner cartes de visite and portraits.

Manhattan Bridge, 1903, part of the New York Bridge Contract Drawings

5 photographic prints of Missouri River ferries, ca. 1870, attributed to John Carbutt, which also include images of railroad cars

204 issues of the Southern Methodist University Student Newspapers, including:

8 leaflets from the Collection of Fred Harvey’s La Fonda Inn materials, 1926-1957, which is part of the Fred Harvey Co. Materials from the DeGolyer Library subset within the U.S. West: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection.

Armored Motor Truck used for Pershing's Punitive Expedition, ca. 1916, by Walter Horne

Armored Motor Truck used for Pershing’s Punitive Expedition, ca. 1916, by Walter Horne

2 postcards, ca. 1910-1917, from the Collection of Walter H. Horne photographs were added to the Mexico: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints collection and 3 postcards, ca. 1916, from the Collection of Walter H. Horne photographs were added to the U.S. West: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection.

2 photographs showing the Fundicion de Sinaloa, (Foundry of Sinaloa), Mazatlan, Mexico.

153 photographic prints, or the first three volumes, of the Les Travaux Publics de la France:

Posted in American Indians, SMU Student Newspapers, U.S. West | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections Update: August 2013

Never Were Two Pieces of Indian Pottery Exactly Alike, [page 52 and 53], 1920, from American Indians: first families of the Southwest by the Fred Harvey Co.

Never Were Two Pieces of Indian Pottery Exactly Alike, [page 52 and 53], 1920, from American Indians: first families of the Southwest by the Fred Harvey Co.

A new web page was created for the Fred Harvey Co. Materials from the DeGolyer Library, which are a subset of the items contained in the U.S. West: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection that contains photographs, images, albums, and more, relating to the Fred Harvey Co. held by SMU’s DeGolyer Library.

Many of the Fred Harvey Co. Materials from the DeGolyer Library were annotated as part of a Digital Humanities project with SMU Central University Libraries.

In August 2013, CUL uploaded 606 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 33,146 published items.

Highlights include:

Pacific Coast Scenery, 1872, page 11

Pacific Coast Scenery, 1872, page 11

174 Texas-related oil negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant

13 negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie that depict aerial views of mansions ca. 1932-1934
Pacific Coast Scenery, 1872, by Houseworth and Co., containing 49 pages with four stereoview halves on each page depicting California, the Yosemite Valley, Great Geyser Springs, the Transcontinental Railroad, Hydraulic and Placer Mining, and San Francisco; this photographically illustrated book is also available as an e-book on the Internet Archive.

22 postcards, mostly from the Fred Harvey Company, from the Collection of American Indian Postcards

Rat Trap, January 19, 1942, by John Knott

Rat Trap, January 19, 1942, by John Knott

The Great Southwest along the Santa Fe, 1914, by the Fred Harvey Company

American Indians: First Families of the Southwest, 1920, by the Fred Harvey Company. Page-level annotations are found in the Description metadata field.

71 editorial cartoons, ca. 1930s-1940s, by John Knott for The Dallas Morning News

Contract Drawings for the Construction of the Railings, Stairways, etc.: Roadway and Footwalk Pavements, Track, and Electrical Equipments of the Manhattan Bridge over the East River, between the Boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn, 1909, by the N.Y. Department of Bridges. The drawings are also available as an e-book on the Internet Archive.

Decree of the 28th of April, 1824, declaring Agustin de Iturbide a traitor and an outlaw.

Decree of the 28th of April, 1824, declaring Agustin de Iturbide a traitor and an outlaw.

14 historic documents from the Agustin de Iturbide papers, 1822-1824

219 slides in the Octavio Medellin: Works of Art and Artistic Processes collection, including new series for Crucifix, St. Andrew Catholic Church and Candlesticks and Procession Cross, Bishop Mason Retreat Center

123 photographs from 98 pages in the Alaska: Mayo & Weed photograph album depicting cities, towns, rivers, glaciers, Northwest Indians, hotels, and landscapes in Alaska, as well as Colorado, Utah, and British Columbia

 

Posted in Mexico photography, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas oil, U.S. West | Leave a comment

Texas Oil Photographs, 1936-1970, by Robert Yarnall Richie

Mission and Gulf Rig, May 1939

Mission and Gulf Rig, May 1939

Now online are 1,238 selected prints and negatives taken by Robert Yarnall Richie (1908-1984) that depict the Texas oil production and the petroleum industry, 1936-1970. These items are part of the DeGolyer Library’s Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection, which consists of industrial and corporate photographs taken by Richie throughout his career.

DeGolyer Library digital collections are part of CUL Digital Collections, which contain thousands of digitized photographs, manuscripts, imprints, and works of art held by Southern Methodist University’s Central University Libraries special collections.

For more than three decades, Richie booked photography assignments from virtually all notable oil-related companies in Texas. These photographs, when viewed collectively, showcase the history, equipment, facilities, and employees of the booming Texas oil industry during the mid-20th century.

[Warren Petroleum Corp, recycling plant], June 1940, Agua Dulce, Nueces County, Texas

[Warren Petroleum Corp, recycling plant], June 1940, Agua Dulce, Nueces County, Texas

Richie’s clients, included in the digital collection, are Humble Petroleum (Exxon), Gulf Oil, Texas Oil Company (Texaco), Crown Central Petroleum, Texas Gulf Sulfur, Warren Petroleum, Magnolia Petroleum (Mobil), Atlantic Refining Company (Arco), American Oil Company (Amoco, BP), Halliburton, Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco), Ethyl Corporation, Hess Oil, Houston Pipeline Company, Shell Oil, Sinclair Refining, Standard Oil, Sun Oil, Champlin Oil, IDECO, Keystone Exploration, Quintana Petroleum, the Tom O’Connor oil field, offshore rigs, and more.

Among Richie’s oil-related photographs are images of well-known individuals within the Texas oil industry, such as Ward A. (“Tex”) Thornton (1891-1949), who was known as the “king of the oil-well fire fighters.” Thornton developed nitroglycerin “torpedoes” that assisted in oil drilling, as well as nitroglycerin charges that helped in extinguishing oil fires. He is also credited with the design for the asbestos fire-fighting suit (Thornton, Ward A., TSHA)

Port Arthur refinery, The Texas Company, 1943

Port Arthur refinery, The Texas Company, 1943

In addition to documenting the individuals involved in the oil industry, Richie captured images of the facilities, equipment, and techniques being used. Photographs within the collection show images of oil industry facilities and equipment such as refineries, rock bits, drill pipes, drill strings, rotary tables, storage tanks, oil derricks, and towers. Additionally, you can see the emerging use of specific techniques, such as reflection seismology, to help map out the Earth’s subsurface and pinpoint underground oil and natural gas deposits.

Richie was able to capture images depicting monumental changes in society, including the introduction of women into the workplace during World War II. As some millions of men were sent off to war, a severe labor shortage was created at the home front. Though most women continued to labor in the then-traditional employment roles like waitressing and teaching, many took better-paid jobs in defense factories, entering the industrial workforce in such areas as shipbuilding, aircraft, and the petroleum industries. Richie captured women in the World War II work force, including a  series at the Port Arthur refinery in 1943.

Known for his mid-century modernist style, Richie often took unusual angle shots creating dramatic images of what would otherwise be mundane objects and settings. As a result, many of his photographs were eventually purchased for use by magazine publications such as Fortune, Scientific American, Time, and National Geographic. A large selection of his published and unpublished photographs can be found within the collection, including a set of oil industry photographs he submitted to Life magazine for publication in 1938.

Life Magazine - Oil, 1937, Gladewater, TX

Life Magazine – Oil, 1937, Gladewater, TX

About Robert Yarnall Richie

Robert Yarnall Richie (1908-1984) was a mid-century modernist, who worked as a photographer, on a freelance basis, for major industrial and corporate clientele, including the automobile, aviation, chemical, mining, petroleum, railroad, shipping, and steel industries.  Richie’s work was featured on the cover of magazines such as Life and Scientific American, and he has been described by his contemporaries as: “Never a news photographer, his keen interest in industry which he believes offers the greatest field for human-interest and dramatic photography, keeps him traveling from one end of the country to another” (Life, 1938).

Shown top left: Mission and Gulf Rig, May 1939. Top right: [Warren Petroleum Corp, recycling plant], June 1940, Agua Dulce, Nueces County, Texas. Above left: Port Arthur refinery, The Texas Company, 1943. Above right: Life Magazine – Oil, ca. 1937, Gladewater, TX. All photos by Robert Yarnall Richie

Texas State Library and Archives CommissionInstitute of Museum and Library ServicesThe Texas oil-related Richie images were made available through funding from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission as part of the TexTreasures program. The TexTreasures program was funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries and 17,500 museums. The Institute’s mission is to create strong libraries and museums that connect people to information and ideas.

Posted in Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas oil | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections Update: July 2013

Vapor Yngles Corby=Castle (English Steamer

Vapor Yngles Corby=Castle (English Steamer “Corby-Castle”), ca. 1900-1909, by Eduardo Fuentes

In July 2013, CUL uploaded 822 items into our CONTENTdm collections

Highlights include:

91 audio files from Southwestern University for the John G. Tower Multimedia collection

109 Texas-related oil negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant

79 negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie that depict aerial views of mansions ca. 1932-1934, in New York (including Southampton), New Jersey, and Florida

232 issues of the SMU student newspaper, 1937-1940

47 photographs of Everette DeGolyer, Sr., ca. 1940s, with politicians, oil executives, and scientists, often at oil-related events

Crucifix, Detail Filling Cracks with Wedges of Same Wood Carving. St. Andrew Catholic Church, Fort Worth, Tex. 1971-72

Crucifix, Detail Filling Cracks with Wedges of Same Wood Carving. St. Andrew Catholic Church, Fort Worth, Tex. 1971-72

Recuerdo de un Viaje al Ystmo de Tehuantepec (Memento of a Journey to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec), ca. 1900-1909

The Persia, July 2, 1855, two salt paper prints of the RMS Persia, a British passenger liner operated by the Cunard Line, under construction at the Glasgow shipyards in Glasgow, Scotland.

118 slides of the Crucifix, St. Andrew Catholic Church project by Ocatavio Medellin

Miscellaneous Views of Dallas, 1930s-1940s, which includes 40 pairs of labeled/unlabeled aerial views of Dallas taken primarily by Lloyd Long

 

Posted in aerial photographs, Dallas, George Converse Papers and Photographs, Mexico photography, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas artists, Texas oil | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections: June 2013

In June 2013, CUL uploaded 415 items into our CONTENTdm collections.

Highlights include:

Bhattia Women, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson

Bhattia Women, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson

35 photographs, by William Johnson, ca. 1855-1862, from Photographs of Western India

99 audio files from Southwestern University for the John G. Tower Multimedia collection

75 Texas-related oil negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2013 grant

Page 1 from Symphonies, no. 9, op. 125, D minor [First edition] by Ludwig von Beethoven

Page 1 from Symphonies, no. 9, op. 125, D minor [First edition] by Ludwig von Beethoven

20 negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie that depict aerial views of mansions ca. 1932-1934, in New York, New Jersey, and Florida

An account of four years travels through the Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Missouri and Mississippi territories … by John Maley

Symphonies, no. 9, op. 125, D minor [First edition] by Ludwig von Beethoven in the newly created Music Special Collections, Hamon Arts Library digital collection

9 documents from the Agustin de Iturbide papers, 1822-1824

Moki Indian House, 1905, Kawin and Co.

Moki Indian House, 1905, Kawin and Co.

142 stereographs in the newly created Banks McLaurin, Jr. Stereograph Collection, including 103 stereoviews of World War I, 7 of U.S. presidents, and 22 of North American Indians

4 Civil War items, including 3 cartes-de-visite and one photograph by Haas & Peele of the Napolean guns in Caption Ashcroft’s battery

Shown top left: Bhattia Women, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson from Photographs of Western India.

Above right: Page 1 from Symphonies, no. 9, op. 125, D minor [First edition] by Ludwig von Beethoven. The music score was the first item added by CUL to the Internet Archive and the first item in a new digital collection, Music Special Collections, Hamon Arts Library.

Above left: Moki Indian House, 1905, Kawin and Co., from the new Banks McLaurin Stereographs digital collection.

Posted in Civil War | Leave a comment