CUL Digital Collections: April 2014

In April 2014, CUL uploaded 433 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 37,408 published items.

Georgia Tech vs. SMU Cotton Bowl Game Program Cover (1954)

Georgia Tech vs. SMU Cotton Bowl Game Program Cover (1954)

Highlights include:

23 program covers from SMU football game programs, 1928-1963. Opponents include
TCU, University of Arkansas, University of Missouri, Rice, Baylor, Texas A&M, Notre Dame, Ohio State, George Tech, Navy, Texas, Texas Tech, and Purdue.

62 issues of the SMU student newspaper from 1947.

9 Civil War photographs: One set of 7 stereoviews includes a sculpture by John Rogers called “The Wounded Scout,” the Gun Yards at Fort Monroe, and a photograph of the 134th Illinois Volunteers taken by John Carbutt, who followed the regiment from their training facility in Illinois to their garrisoning at Columbus, Kentucky, photographing them along the way. Also uploaded were a carte de visite of John R. Coxe, Captain, Assistant Commissary of Subsistence and a tintype of four Civil War Sons of Veterans from North Attleboro, Massachusetts, ca. 1890, wearing Grand Army of the Republic Camp Medals.

Public Library & Temple of the Winds, 1856, Sevastopol, CrimeaThe Seat of War in the East … 1st-2d series, ca. 1855-1856, a bound volume comprising 81 lithographic prints and 36 sketches by William Simpson depicting various aspects and military campaigns/battles during the Crimean War as seen by Simpson during his tenure as an observer/camp follower for the British Army in the Crimea. Of special note are Simpson’s sketches of the famous “Charge of the Light Brigade,” as well as the funeral procession of FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan and commander of the English forces in the Crimea, during the Crimean War.

4 panoramic photographs from the Giesecke Family Collection of Photographs and Panoramas of Mexico, ca. 1909-1911, including the Hacienda San Diego in San Luis Potosi, a birds-eye view of Zacatecas, a group shot of several hundred miners, possibly in Zacatecas, and a hacienda wedding procession, possibly in Rioverde, San Luis Potosi.

Xtol: Dance of the Ancient Mayan People; Murals from the Temple of the Tigers at Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, a portfolio containing 11 block prints by Octavio Medellin originally published by the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in 1947.

Xtol: Dance of the Ancient Mayan People, [Plate IX], 1947, by Octavio Medellin

Xtol: Dance of the Ancient Mayan People, [Plate IX], 1947, by Octavio Medellin

Bengal-Nagpur Railway, 1890, the first album (Album 1) in a two-album set depicting the construction of the Bengal-Nagpur Railway, ca. 1890-1897. Album 1 contains 45 albumen prints mounted one to a page, with large-format views of railroad and bridge construction showing tracks, tunnels, landscapes, Indian workers, ships, and British engineers in India. A related pamphlet was also uploaded, Bengal-Nagpur Railway: Its History and Development. Parts I. and II.

Two daguerreotypes, ca. 1850s, of Eliza Crary and Clarendon Harrisfrom the Collection of Cased photographs and Tintypes.

38 aerial photographs, ca. 1932-1934, by Robert Yarnall Richie featuring estates in Westchester, Putnam and Nassau Counties, New York; Somerset County, New Jersey; and Fairfield County, Connecticut, as well as the Montauk Yacht Club, located in East Hampton, the Creek Club in Locust Valley, New York, and the Danbury Fair in Danbury, Connecticut.

[1952 Pontiac Chieftain DeLuxe Catalina, Dow Chemical Plant, General Motors Corp.], by Robert Yarnall Richie72 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant. Companies, organizations and clients depicted include South Texas Cotton Oil Company, Girdler Corporation, General Motors Corporation-Pontiac Motor Division, Ingersoll-Rand Company, A. O. Smith Corporation, Nordberg Manufacturing Company, Metso Minerals Milwaukee, Aluminum Company of America, Alcoa World Alumina, Alcoa Oil & Gas, Dow Chemical Company, Texas Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline Company, J.M. Huber Corporation, Lubrizol Corporation, Rohm & Haas Company, Texas Gulf Sulphur Company, Inc., Texas Gulf, Inc., Schlumberger Well Surveying Corporation, and Southern Pacific Railroad. Of special note are a Motion Picture Kitchen Set with Actors and Filming Equipment; Sakowitz Brothers Department Store in Houston; aerial views of San Jacinto and San Jacinto Monument; aerial views of Houston and suburban Houston; a 1952 Pontiac Chieftain DeLuxe Catalina automobile; and Englewood Classification Yard.

Washington Depot, with U. S. Capitol in the Distance, 1872

Washington Depot, with U. S. Capitol in the Distance, 1872

Photographic Views of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road, and Its Branches, from the Lakes to the Sea, a photographically illustrated book with views taken along the railroad line from Baltimore to Chicago showing Baltimore harbor, the U.S. Capitol, depots, bridges, viaducts, stations, roundhouses, mills, hotels, rivers, towns, cities, P & C RR [Pittsburgh & Connellsville Railroad], Harper’s Ferry, baths at Berkley Springs, West Virginia; Maryland; Virginia; Ohio; andChicago, Illinois.

Reconnaissance Geologic and Topographic Map of Las Naranjas and Environs, 191029 maps of Mexican oil fields from the early 1900s. Part of the Everette L. DeGolyer, Sr. Papers, these maps represent oil fields from each of the three most important areas of exploration in Mexico at that time: the Ebano-Panuco area in Veracruz, the “Golden Lane” in Veracruz, and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Together these geologic and topographic maps shed light on the work being conducted in Mexico by noted oil exploration companies, like the Mexican Eagle Oil Company, for whom Mr. DeGolyer worked from 1909-1919.

 

Posted in aerial photographs, Civil War, Railroads, Robert Yarnall Richie, SMU Student Newspapers, Texas artists | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections: March 2014

In March 2014, CUL uploaded 311 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 36,975 published items.

Highlights include:

The Arsenal Harbour, or Military Port, Sebastopol, 1856, lithograph of painting by Carlo Bossoli

The Arsenal Harbour, or Military Port, Sebastopol, 1856, lithograph of painting by Carlo Bossoli

68 lithographs from Bossoli’s Views in The Crimea. / Brierly’s Marine & Coast Sketches of the Black Sea &c. Bossoli’s Views in The Crimea contains 52 lithographs of idyllic scenes centering on the Crimean landscape and daily life of the people of the Crimean peninsula in the early part of the 19th century. Brierly’s Marine & Coast Sketches of the Black Sea comprises 13 lithographs concentrating on the naval operations and conflicts of the Crimean War, 1853-1856.

8 real photographic postcards of the Mexican Revolution, including President Victoriano Huerta in military dress; a Mexican train enroute to the front, with several open-aired flatcars transporting troops; F. I. Madero & Pascual Orozco in Ciudad Juarez; Mexican refugees boarding a train in the Border Region; burned bodies of two Mexican snipers in Veracruz during the U.S. occupation in 1914; a Mexican family riding the rods under a freight car on a Mexican troop train; and Villa deserters being escorted to 11th Infantry Army Headquarters after the 2nd battle of Agua Prieta.

Galeria Del Teatro Infantil, Coleccion de Comedias para Ninos o Titeres, 'Los Chascos de un Licenciado'

Galeria Del Teatro Infantil, Coleccion de Comedias para Ninos o Titeres, ‘Los Chascos de un Licenciado’

53 broadsides illustrated, ca. 1910-1931, by José Guadelupe Posada and published by Antonio Venegas Arroyo, describing sensational events, accidents and crimes, as well as developments in the Mexican Revoluion. Many of the broadsides, often written satirically, are presented as songs written in verse.

Groups, Military Men including President Porfirio Diaz, ca. September 1910, a panoramic portrait with President Porfirio Diaz and members of his cabinet. Included are Ramon Corral, Secretary of the Interior and Vice-President; General Manuel Gonzalez Cosio, Secretary of War and the Navy; Enrique Creel, Secretary of Foreign Affairs; Olegario Molina, Secretary of Public Promotion; and Leandro Fernandez, Secretary of Communications and Public Works.

The Galveston News War Map of Mexico, ca. 1914

The Galveston News War Map of Mexico, ca. 1914

The Galveston News War Map of Mexico, ca. 1914, showing the military (both troop and fleet positions) of the Mexican Federales, the rebels, and the U.S. military garrisons along the border during the Mexican Revolution. In particular, the map distinguishes which rebel leader operated in which part of Mexico, the Mexican and U.S. Naval fleet after the Veracruz Incident, and U.S. Consulate towns throughout Mexico.

113 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant. Major companies and organizations depicted or clients mentioned are Fortune Magazine; the Pin Oak Charity Horse Show; Lone Star Cement Corporation; Texas Chemical Company; Consolidated Chemical Industries, Inc.; McCarthy Chemical Company; Levingston Shipbuilding Company; Moran Shipbuilding Company; Moran Towing & Transportation Company; Texas & Pacific Railway Company; E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company; DuPont Company; Gulf Coast Films, Inc.; Houston Lighting & Power Company; Pure Oil Company; and Mission Manufacturing Company. Other photographs, includig aerial views, of note include the Houston Country Club, Texas Capitol Building, Dallas National Bank Building, Shamrock Hotel, and Rice Stadium at Rice University, as well as the All Saints’ Episcopal Church, Littlefield Fountain, and The Tower (Main Building) in Austin.

[East Indian Man Smoking], ca. 1890-1896

[East Indian Man Smoking], ca. 1890-1896

Photographs of Jamaica, Trinidad, and Venezuela containing 48 photographs of towns, harbors, people, railroads and 1896 maps of Caracas and Venezuela y Sus Ferrocarriles. Also included are views of sugar cane fields and workers, a photographer with a view camera, plantation houses, and workers from India in Jamaica.

In March, nCDS also added 4 photographs of Dallas in the late-19th and early-20th centuries; two maps, one of Native American settlements in Texas and surrounding areas, 1915, and one of the Sierra Gorda and the Seno Mexican Coast, ca. 1792;
three images from the Stanley Marcus papers featuring fashion designer James Galanos, and three images, including 2 stereographs, of New Mexico in the mid- to late-19th century: Las Vegas Hot Springs and Vicinity, “Dos Cargas” Two Loads, and Street View at Mesilla, New Mexico.

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Newgulf: From Sulfur Boomtown to Texas Ghost Town

[Texas Gulf Sulphur Company], ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, DeGolyer Library, SMU.

[Texas Gulf Sulphur Company] ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, DeGolyer Library, SMU.

Now online are 49 photographic prints of Texas Gulf Sulphur Company interests (ca. 1939) in the company town of Newgulf, Texas. The images of the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company (later known as Texasgulf Inc.) are part of a TexTreasures 2014 grant project intended to digitize 1,000 prints and negatives taken by Robert Yarnall Richie (1908-1984) that depict non-oil-related Texas companies (ca. 1937-1969). These items are part of the DeGolyer Library’s Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection, which consists of industrial and corporate photographs taken by Richie throughout his career.

DeGolyer Library digital collections are part of CUL Digital Collections, which contain thousands of digitized photographs, manuscripts, imprints, and works of art held by Southern Methodist University’s Central University Libraries special collections.

[Texas Gulf Sulphur Company], ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, Degolyer Library, SMU.

[Texas Gulf Sulphur Company] ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, Degolyer Library, SMU.

The Wharton County town of Newgulf, Texas, was established in 1928 by the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company. This company town was named “Newgulf” via a contest conducted for employees during its construction in which Marie Ertz, who worked at the Houston office, devised the winning name in deference to the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company’s original company town called Gulf (Newgulf, TX, TSHA).

Newgulf was founded atop the Boling Dome, an underground rock structure with an area of about 5,500 acres on the western bank of the San Bernard River primarily in Wharton County. Its contents include petroleum, sulfur, and a significant salt dome. Sulfur production at the Boling Dome began in March 1929 through the use of the Frasch method by which steam is pumped into the ground to melt sulfur, then the resulting liquid sulfur is pumped out in order to remove it (Boling Dome, TSHA).

Texas Gulf Sulphur Company, which became known as Texasgulf, Incorporated beginning in 1973, has produced more sulfur from the Boling Dome than any other sulfur mine in the world, with a total production of 80.5 million long tons of sulfur successfully extracted from the earth as of 1990 (Boling Dome, TSHA).

[Texas Gulf Sulphur], ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, Degolyer Library, SMU.

[Texas Gulf Sulphur], ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, Degolyer Library, SMU.

Built in a section of Wharton County that had previously lacked any paved roads, Newgulf had 400 company-owned houses, ranging from one to three bedrooms, which were leased to employees. The town’s prosperity and population peaked in 1940 with 1,586 people, as well as 15 businesses that included but were not limited to a café, two dry-goods stores, two pharmacies, two grocery stores, a movie theater, a company-built post office, a hospital, a library, a school, and a nine-hole golf course with a clubhouse (Newgulf, TX, TSHA).

However, the prosperity in Newgulf, Texas, brought forth from the sulfur industry was not to last. The sulfur industry faced difficulties by 1956 as foreign sulfur prices began to drop and the industry began producing more sulfur than it was able to sell.  Newgulf was hit especially hard in 1957 when the construction of several Texas Gulf Sulphur plants away from Newgulf coincided with a national recession, leading to both layoffs of Newgulf employees, and the start of the company selling empty houses in the town by 1961 (Newgulf, TX, TSHA).

With the onset of technological changes in sulfur mining, there was a reduced need for employees and the town population stalled at 963 from 1980 to 1990, and only 100 houses remained in Newgulf in 1990. The businesses and resulting infrastructure of

[Texas Gulf Sulphur Company], ca. 1939, by Richie, Robert Yarnall, Degolyer Library, SMU.

[Texas Gulf Sulphur Company], ca. 1939, by Richie Robert Yarnall, Degolyer Library, SMU.

Newgulf was largely gone as better roads facilitated increased shopping in neighboring towns. The Newgulf post office closed in 1993 and by 1995 the mining site was manned by a mere skeleton crew with the golf course and elementary school, which eventually absorbed into the Boling Independent School District, among the only remaining institutions in Newgulf (Newgulf, TX, TSHA).

Today, Newgulf Elementary School is “one of the three campuses that comprises Boling Independent School District. Newgulf Elementary is located in the former town site of Newgulf, ‘the last company town in Texas'” (Bolingisd.net, 2013).

Newgulf is now considered by many as a ghost town, the sulfur production facilities and its prominent smokestacks left unused.

Texas State Library and Archives CommissionInstitute of Museum and Library ServicesThe non-oil-related Richie images of Texas companies were made available through funding from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission as part of the TexTreasures program. The TexTreasures program was funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services which is the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries and 17,500 museums. The Institute’s mission is to create strong libraries and museums that connect people to information and ideas.

by Brandon P. Murray, Digitizer/Metadata Creator, Central University Libraries, SMU

 Sources:

Merle R. Hudgins, “BOLING DOME,” Handbook of Texas Online, January 23, 2014, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/gzb01

 Merle R. Hudgins, “NEWGULF, TX,” Handbook of Texas Online, January 23, 2014, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hln18

 “Newgulf Elementary School,” Boling Independent School District, February 12, 2013, http://www.bolingisd.net/elementary/

 

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CUL Digital Collections Update: February 2014

In February 2014, CUL uploaded 427 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 36,664 published items.

Highlights include:

Panorama of San Francisco from California St. Hill. [Panel 6], 1877, by Eadweard Muybridge

Panorama of San Francisco from California St. Hill. [Panel 6], 1877, by Eadweard Muybridge

Panorama of San Francisco from California St. Hill. [Panel 6], 1877, by Eadweard Muybridge[/caption]
Panorama of San Francisco from California St. Hill, 1877, by Eadweard Muybridge, comprising 11 photographs, taken over a period of several hours from the central tower of Central Pacific Railroad magnate Mark Hopkins’ then unfinished Nob Hill home, located at the corner of California and Mason Streets. (The mansion burned to the ground in the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake.)

96 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant. Major companies depicted or clients are Fortune Magazine, United Carbon Company, Carbon Company, Columbia Carbon Black Company, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, International Steel Group, Mittal Steel Company, Naval Air Station (Corpus Christi), Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, Texas Company (Texaco), Lone Star Cement Corporation, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, DuPont Company, James S. Abercrombie Company, Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, A. B. Farquhar Company, Limited, Cameron Iron Works, Dow Chemical Company, Houston Pipe Line Company, Champion Paper & Fibre Company, and Franks-Wilkinson-Schiwetz & Tips Inc. Also of note are location shots of the Fort Bend County Court House in Richmond, Texas; Houston Naval Hospital; Houston Chamber of Commerce; Shamrock Hotel; and James Smither Abercrombie’s Ranch.

U.S. Soldiers on the Mexican Border, ca. 1910-1918

U.S. Soldiers on the Mexican Border, ca. 1910-1918

20 real photographic postcards from World War I, including American soldiers in Camp Kearny, Germans on the march, bombed cities in France, artillery, views of a World War I airplane crash, funeral procession, and an aerial view of the Air Service Second Provisional Wing Camp at Park Place, Houston, Texas.

47 real photographic postcards from American Border Troops and the Mexican Revolution and the Collection of Walter H. Horne photographs, showing the Pershing Expedition, the Mexican Revolution, and U.S. military and camp activities along the Mexican border, ca. 1910-1917. Mexican generals and politicians depicted include General Rodolfo Fierro, Pancho Villa, General Toribio Ortega, Colonel Juan Medina, General Lucio Blanco, F.I. Madero (President of Mexico), Sanchez Azcona, and General Venustiano Carranza. One postcard shows a group of female soldiers with anarchist, revolutionary, and journalist Lazaro Gutierrez de Lara.

Ringed Horn Bull by Frank Reaugh, The Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin

Ringed Horn Bull by Frank Reaugh, The Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin

216 paintings and works on paper by Texas Artist Frank Reaugh, held by the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas, Austin. The Harry Ransom Center is a partner in the collaborative to the Texas Artists: Paintings, Sculpture, and Works on Paper digital collection.

This month nCDS added 15 reproduction orders for the DeGolyer Library into CUL Digital Collections, including 10 railroad locomotive images from the Everett L. DeGolyer Jr. collection of United States Railroad Photographs collection. All but one of these images will be used by the City of Allen in their interpretive trail panels for trail users and cultural heritage users to explain the contribution of the Houston & Texas Central railways to the location of the City of Allen. Also uploaded were five items relating to Mexican oil in the early 20th century, including four maps of Mexican oilfields and a geology report of the Tampico Embayment area, all requested by a visiting fellow. From the J. Erik Jonsson papers we uploaded a rendering of DFW airport ca. 1966-1969, ordered by an SMU student researcher.

Shown above right: Panorama of San Francisco from California St. Hill. [Panel 6], 1877, by Eadweard Muybridge. This panel shows Pine Street and the Union Foundry. Above left: U.S. Soldiers on the Mexican Border, ca. 1910-1918. Right: Ringed Horn Bull by Frank Reaugh, one of The Harry Ransom Center’s contributions to the Texas Artists: Paintings, Sculpture, and Works on Paper digital collection.

Posted in Mexico photography, Railroads, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas artists, Texas Regionalism | Leave a comment

The Texas Zephyr: A Bygone Era in Luxury Train Travel

In the 1930s, in an effort to combat the declining number of passengers, several railroads adopted the lightweight, diesel-powered Streamliner passenger trains. Combining esthetic beauty with modern science, the Streamliners were more aerodynamic than previous trains, and able to reach a higher speed. The exteriors were a mix of sleek, stainless steel and bright, vibrant colors, while the interiors had opulent furnishings, air conditioning, and a trained staff providing impeccable service for passengers. The epitome of luxurious railway travel, each train featured specialized passenger cars, ranging from sumptuous dining facilities to lavish sleeping and observation areas.

[Coupled Passenger Cars from "Texas Zephyr", with Diaphragm], January 4, 1958, by Everett L. DeGolyer, Jr., DeGolyer Library, SMU.

[Coupled Passenger Cars from “Texas Zephyr”, with Diaphragm], January 4, 1958, by Everett L. DeGolyer, Jr., DeGolyer Library, SMU.

In some cases, the Streamliners were more than just a means of traveling the country. On August 22, 1940, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy inaugurated the Texas Zephyr Streamliner, under its subsidiary, the Fort Worth and Denver Railway. In some small towns, people even viewed the Streamliner as a symbol “that perhaps the hard times of the Great Depression were over” (Goen, 1999). The Texas Zephyr became extremely popular with passengers and gained a great deal of publicity for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, including garnering a cameo in the movie “HUD” with Paul Newman.

The Fort Worth and Denver Railway acquired two, 12 car trains in 1957 (previously belonging to the Denver Zephyr) from its parent company, the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, for use on the Dallas to Denver run. However, passenger travel continued to decline due to the development of highways and explosion in automobile traffic, which continued to impact the future of railway transportation. By 1965, the Texas Zephyr trainsets acquired in 1957 were sent away to Denver for storage, and the Texas Zephyr was eventually decommissioned on September 10, 1967, shortly after the U.S. Postal service announced its plans to terminate the mail contract with the train.

Fort Worth & Denver City, "Texas Zephyr", August 16, 1962, by Everett L. DeGolyer, Jr., DeGolyer Library, SMU.

Fort Worth & Denver City, “Texas Zephyr”, August 16, 1962, by Everett L. DeGolyer, Jr., DeGolyer Library, SMU.

Recently, 24 photographs held by SMU’s DeGolyer Library, from the Everett L. DeGolyer Jr. collection of United States railroad photographs, have been made available online. These images show locomotives and railroad cars centered around the “Texas Zephyr,” formerly the “Denver Zephyr,” from the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad and its subsidiaries. Most of them were taken by Everett DeGolyer Jr. between January 1958 to August 1962, thus showing the Texas Zephyr in all of its glory. While these trains have all but vanished, either sold off for scrap, sitting in storage, or on display in a museum, their legacy continues to live in the photographs which captured them in their heyday, for future generations to come.

Sources:

Goen, S. A. (1999). Zephyr a star in Wichita’s crown. Wichita Falls Times Record News. 

University of Iowa (2001). Cheating the Wind: Streamliners on the Rails. The University of Iowa Libraries.

Union Pacific Railroad (2014). Union Pacific Passenger Trains. Union Pacific.

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CUL Digital Collections Update: January 2014

Mato-Tope, adorned with the insignia of his warlike deeds, 1839, by Karl Bodmer, engraving by Johann Hurlimann

Mato-Tope, adorned with the insignia of his warlike deeds, 1839, by Karl Bodmer, engraving by Johann Hurlimann

In January 2014, CUL uploaded 518 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 36,217 published items.

Highlights include:

146 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant. Major companies include Imperial Sugar Company, Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company, Continental Carbon Company, Engineering Laboratories Inc., and Texas & Pacific Railway Company

30 aerial photographs, ca. 1932-1934, by Robert Yarnall Richie of estates, colleges and buildings in New England, New York’s Gold Coast, and New Jersey, including Sarah Lawrence College, J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr.’s “Matinecock Point” Estate, and Herbert Lee Pratt’s “The Braes” Estate.

90 issues of The Campus, SMU’s student newspaper, from 1945-1946.

Puente del Chiquihuite. (Chiquihuite Bridge.), ca. 1875-1890, by Abel Briquet

Puente del Chiquihuite. (Chiquihuite Bridge.), ca. 1875-1890, by Abel Briquet

85 items, including 78 aquatint prints, 1843, from a portfolio accompanying the Travels in the interior of North America by Maximilian, prince of Wied. The illustrations depict Maximilian Prince of Wied’s travels in the northern part of the United States, 1833-1835. The portfolio contains 1 map and 81 plates showing North American scenery. Many of the prints show Native Americans and/or Native American objects and dwellings.

Mexican Railroads, an album containing 25 photographs by Abel Briquet, ca. 1875-1890, showing depots, towns, and geographical highlights, such as the Pico de Orizabo volcano, along the way on the Ferrocarril Mexicano (Mexican Railway) from Veracruz to Mexico City.

George M. Dallas. The People's Candidate for Vice-President of the United States, ca. 1844

George M. Dallas. The People’s Candidate for Vice-President of the United States, ca. 1844

Trails, Drives and Saddle Horses, 1910, by the Fred Harvey Company.

26 photographs from the Everett L. DeGolyer Jr. collection of United States railroad photographs, showing primarily locomotives and railroad cars centered around the “Texas Zephyr,” formerly the “Denver Zephyr,” from the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad and its subsidiaries.

6 portrait prints from United States Presidents and Vice-Presidents.

Photographs of Western India. Volume III. Scenery, Public Buildings, &c., part of
Photographs of Western India by William Johnson, ca. 1855-1862.

Shown above left: Mato-Tope, adorned with the insignia of his warlike deeds, 1839, by Karl Bodmer, engraving by Johann Hurlimann. Right: Puente del Chiquihuite. (Chiquihuite Bridge.), ca. 1875-1890, by Abel Briquet. Left: George M. Dallas. The People’s Candidate for Vice-President of the United States, ca. 1844.

Posted in aerial photographs, American Indians, Mexico photography, Railroads, SMU Student Newspapers, Texas photographs, U.S. West | Leave a comment

CUL Digital Collections Update: December 2013

In December 2013, SMU Central University Libraries (CUL) uploaded 488 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has 35,699 published items.

Mr. Turtledove, Trying to get out of the Difficulty.

Mr. Turtledove, Trying to get out of the Difficulty.

Highlights include:

172 non-oil related Texas negatives, ca. 1930s-1940s, by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant. Companies depicted include Houston Pipe Line Company, American Airlines, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Pepperrell Manurfacturing Co., and Engineering Labs Inc. Also uploaded were 25 negatives of Randolph Air Base, San Antonio, during World War II.

11 stereoviews from the New French Cook series, 1902, from the Banks McLaurin, Jr. Stereograph Collection

The Camera in the Southwest, [page 23], 1904, The Fred Harvey Co.

The Camera in the Southwest, [page 23], 1904, The Fred Harvey Co.

Camera of the Southwest, 1904, Through the Southwest along the Santa Fe, ca. 1906, The California Limited: Thirteenth Season, 1907-1908, Roads to Yesterday: Along the Indian-detour, ca. 1920, The Koshare Tours fascinating motor trips from Albuquerque to Mountains and Mesas …, ca. 1922, and They Know New Mexico, Intimate Sketches by Western Writers, 1928. These books and pamphlets, published by The Fred Harvey Co. and/or the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company, promoted tourism in the Southwest at the turn of the 20th century. Some of the items were annotated with historical context by Carrie Johnston, English PhD candidate, SMU, 2013, as part of a Digital Humanities project with Central University Libraries.

4 lithographs from the Martin Garretson Buffalo Prints, 1914, that depict the decline of the buffalo population due to hunting in the 1860s-1880s.

5-part story on torpedo boats that ran in Engineering: An Illustrated Weekly Journal, 1884.

25 currency notes in the Rowe-Barr Collection of Texas Currency, including treasury warrants that were issued for military and civil service. Included is a $1 treasury note from 1862 payable to Francis Richard Lubbock, governor of Texas at the time, for civil service work. This note is equivalent to $23.50 today.

Mountain Charley, or the Adventures of Mrs. E. J. Guerin, Who Was Thirteen Years in Male Attire. An Autobiography Comprising a Period of Thirteen Years Life in the States, California, and Pike’s Peak, 1861, by Elsa Jane Guerin

[Sculpture, Mayan Ruins, Chichen Itza], 1938, by Octavio Medellin

[Sculpture, Mayan Ruins, Chichen Itza], 1938, by Octavio Medellin

63 stereoviews from the Collection of Texas stereographs that show various locations in/around Texas, ca. 1880s-1930s, including Galveston (during the 1900 hurricane), San Antonio, El Paso, Austin, Brownsville, King’s Ranch, and more.

6 photographs from the Locomotive Builders’ Collection, primarily locomotives from the NE United States

185 pages from Maya-Toltec Temples and Carvings, 1938, a photograph album by Octavio Medellin documenting his trip to Chichén Itzá and Uxmal, where he and studied the ancient Mayan art that greatly influenced his art work and sculpture throughout his career. The photographs in the album contain images of Medellin’s travels in Mexico, his family, the ruins at Chichén Itzá, people associated with the ancient Mayan sites, and his art and travel friends David and Kayla Slivka.

Posted in American Indians, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas artists, Texas photographs, U.S. West | Leave a comment

Coco Chanel’s Dallas Visit, September 1957

On December 10, 2013, the House of Chanel will host the Métiers d’Art, a “yearly pre-fall collection and runway show dedicated to the history of the house’s founder, Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel” (Dallasnews.com, 2013) in Fair Park, Dallas. Chanel’s roots in Texas go back to 1957, when she first visited Dallas to receive an award from the Neiman Marcus luxury department store.

In preparation to celebrate the company’s 50th Anniversary, Neiman Marcus founder Stanley Marcus planned a series of events designed to promote both French culture and fashion within the community, some of which would become Dallas traditions over the following years.

Photographs, letters, telegrams, and documents related to these events are available online in SMU’s DeGolyer Library: Photographs, Manuscripts, and Imprints digital collection. The items are part of the Stanley Marcus Papers, held by the DeGolyer Library.

In 1938, Stanley Marcus inaugurated the Neiman Marcus Award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion, bringing European and American fashion designers and women of style to Dallas. Called the “Oscars of the Fashion Industry,” the Neiman Marcus Fashion Awards were given to: Coco Chanel, Hattie Carnegie, Yves Saint Laurent, Elizabeth Arden, Christian Dior, Salvatore Ferragamo, Jacques Fath, James Galanos, Emilio Pucci, Pierre Balmain, Grace Kelly, Cecil Beaton, Estee Lauder, Anne Kleine, Valentino, Bill Blass, Oscar de la Renta, Marc Bohan, and Greer Garson.

September 1957 saw the arrival of Coco Chanel to Dallas, where she was the guest of honor in the Neiman Marcus 50th Anniversary celebration. Coco Chanel would be the first individual to receive a gold version of the coveted Neiman Marcus Award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion. 

The golden anniversary of the store was jointly celebrated by Rolls Royce. Executives from both the United States and United Kingdom offices of the Rolls Royce Company made the journey to Dallas to participate in the celebration. For the occasion they sent a cavalcade of cars to Dallas, including a white one to pick Coco Chanel up at Love Field.

One of the special events was a Western-themed party held at Edward Marcus’s Black Mark Farm in Flower Mound. Coco Chanel described a bovine fashion show that took place:  “A pair of unlikely newlyweds suddenly appeared in the converging beams of a number of spotlights: a very young bull stuffed into evening clothes and wearing a top hat between his horns, and an equally young heifer in white Chanel with a long veil (Picardie, 2010).” Dr. Frederick Llewellyn Smith, the Managing Director of Rolls Royce, made an appearance at the Marcus Western party, at one point riding a tractor equipped with a giant Rolls Royce grill.

In 1957, for the 50th anniversary of the store, Stanley Marcus also had the brilliant idea of bringing international culture to North Texas in the form of the first Fortnight celebrating France. Fortnight was an instant success. Inspired by a trip to Stockholm in 1956, the Fortnights were two-week long celebrations, which wedded the cultural with the commercial, promoting the goods, services and culture of the “theme” country (Gurock, 1998), (Dunn, 1984).

For the initial Fortnight, Stanley Marcus secured the cooperation of several civic leaders and groups, resulting in it becoming a community event with specialized displays, such as 32 Toulouse-Lautrec paintings at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts (now the Dallas Museum of Art), which were specifically imported for the event from Albi, along with one of the largest displays of French tapestries in the United States, and several French films playing in art house venues throughout the Metroplex (Dunn, 1984).

In addition to the presence of French objets d’art, as well as an abundance of French artisan handicrafts, Marcus invited French dignitaries, models, business, fashion and cultural leaders, writers and filmmakers to participate in the event, many of whom were flown into Dallas via the first International Flight into the Dallas-Fort Worth area (Vogue, 1957). The specially chartered flight from Air France landed in Dallas Love Field, and the landing rights had been secured for the event by then-Senator Lyndon B. Johnson (Dunn, 1984). Once there, invited guests, as well as the general public, were treated to wine-tasting sessions, French-cooking demonstrations, Fashion Showings by members of the Paris Couture Syndicate, art displays, and even Guignol (puppet show) performances for the children (Vogue, 1957).


Overall, Neiman Marcus spent a total of about $400,000 at the initial Fortnight event, and it garnered an estimated $2 million in revenues for the company (Dunn, 1984), (Gurock, 1998). The event was deemed such a success that Neiman Marcus proceeded to make it a regular, yearly event for the next 29 years. Famed designer Alvin Colt was brought in by Neiman Marcus in 1963 to design the installations for the Fortnight, and he continued to do so until they ended in 1986 (SMU, n.d.).

The visit was important to Coco Chanel’s career, as well, and is one of the main reasons Métiers d’Art will take place in Dallas. According to Karl Lagerfeld, Chanel’s head designer and creative director, “When Chanel reopened [after World War II], the French press was beyond nasty. The only press that understood it immediately was the American press, and Neiman Marcus gave her the Oscar for her collection, so I think it’s a nice thing to go there (Houston Chronicle, 2013).”

Both the Stanley Marcus Papers and the Alvin Colt design drawings, photographs, and other materials for Neiman Marcus Fortnights are held at SMU’s DeGolyer Library. For more information, contact degolyer@smu.edu. Digitized items are part of SMU Central University Libraries’ CUL Digital Collections.

Sources:
Various details for this blog posting were taken from internal Neiman Marcus memorandums and correspondence regarding their 50th Anniversary celebration. Stanley Marcus Papers,  DeGolyer Library, SMU.

“Métiers d’Art, a yearly pre-fall collection and runway show dedicated to the history of the house’s founder, Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel.” November 19, 2013. DallasNews.com. Retrieved from: http://fdluxe.dallasnews.com/2013/11/chanel-to-take-over-fair-park-in-dallas-on-december-10-for-its-wild-metiers-dart-fashion-show.html/

Dunn, S. October 1984. “Fabulous Fortnight ’84: The Neiman-Marcus extravaganza brings Britain back to Dallas.” D Magazine. Retrieved from: http://www.dmagazine.com/Home/1984/10/01/FABULOUS_FORTNIGHT_84.aspx

Gurock, J. 1998. Central European Jews in America, 1840-1880: Migration and advancement. London: Routledge

Picardie, J. 2010. Coco Chanel: The legend and the life. London: Harper Collins Publishers.

SMU Central University Libraries. 2007. “This fall at the State Fair of Texas: Neiman Marcus Fortnight.”  Annotations. Retrieved from: http://smu.edu/newsinfo/excerpts/fortnight-annotations-spring2007.asp

SMU Central University Libraries. Alvin Colt design drawings, photographs, and other materials for Neiman Marcus: A Guide to the Collection. Retrieved from: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/smu/00017/smu-00017.html

Editors of Vogue. October 15, 1957. Part for France in Texas: Distinguished visitors going to the Neiman-Marcus Quinzaine. Vogue.

Sewing Joy. November 22, 2013. “Chanel’s Karl Langerfeld brings ‘Metiers d’Art’ show to Dallas. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved from: http://www.chron.com/life/style/fashion/article/Chanel-s-Karl-Langerfeld-brings-Metiers-d-Art-5003042.php

 

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CUL Digital Collections Update: November 2013

[Frank Mudge Edwards, 87 Years Old, Painting Mural at Pleasure Hill], September 1942, by Robert Yarnall Richie

[Frank Mudge Edwards, 87 Years Old, Painting Mural at Pleasure Hill], September 1942, by Robert Yarnall Richie

In November 2013, CUL uploaded 476 items into our CONTENTdm collections.

Highlights include:

134 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant to digitize photographs and negatives of Richie’s non-oil-related clients in Texas. Clients and companies depicted include Lockheed Aircraft Corp., Delta Airlines, Sloane-Blabon Corporation, Moran Towing, Baroid Sales Company, Dayton Rubber Company, Pepperell Manufacturing Company, Stewart Bolling Company, and Guiberson Corporation.

One of the Richie negative series shows Texas artist Frank Mudge Edwards at his house in Pleasant Hill. Several negative series include pictures of Paul M. Raigorodsky, including photographs of him and his family at their “Datcha” ranch, where Richie visited. Raigorodsky testified before Mr. Albert E. Jenner, Jr., assistant counsel of the President’s Commission (the Warren Commission) on March 31, 1964. His testimony described his relationship with George De Mohrenschildt, a friend and associate of Lee Harvey Oswald.

Caves of Elephanta - 3. The Water Cave, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson and William Henderson [attributed]

Caves of Elephanta – 3. The Water Cave, ca. 1855-1862, by William Johnson and William Henderson [attributed]

76 currency notes in the Rowe-Barr Collection of Texas Currency,including treasury warrants that were issued for military and civil service.

92 out of the total 102 pages in the Photographs of Western India. Volume II. Scenery, Public Buildings by William Johnson, ca. 1855-1862, which includes views and panoramas, of cities and towns, many in Mumbai (Bombay), temples, churches, boats, ships, harbors, rivers, railroads, palace ruins, caves, and forts.

Photographs from Journey through the Yellowstone National Park and Northwestern Wyoming, 1883. In July of 1883, President Chester A. Arthur and his executive staff embarked on a 6-week journey, covering more than 500 miles, through the northern Wyoming Territory to Yellowstone National Park. The goal of the trip, besides being a much needed change of venue for the ailing President, was to raise awareness of the need for preservation of the National Park by showing the public the beauty and attractions, both along the route of and within the park.

Caa-Tou-See, An Ojibway, 1842

Caa-Tou-See, An Ojibway, 1842

28 documents from the Stanley Marcus Papers relating to Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel’s visit to Dallas in September 1957 and the subsequent premier of the Neiman-Marcus Fortnight in October, which centered around a French theme. Coco Chanel attended the 20th Annual Neiman-Marcus Fashion Exposition where she received the Neiman-Marcus award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion.

The History of the Indian tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes, 1842, of the principal chiefs, a two volume set: 48 prints from History of the Indian tribes of North America, Volume 1 and 48 prints from History of the Indian tribes of North America, Volume 2.

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CUL Digital Collections Update: October 2013

Neiman-Marcus brings France to Texas: Everything from A to Z., October 1957

Neiman-Marcus brings France to Texas: Everything from A to Z., October 1957, an advertisement insert included in the October 1957 issues of American Vogue and French Vogue. The insert promotes the first Neiman-Marcus Fortnight event which ran from October 14 thru October 28, 1957. The theme for this event was France, French fashion and French culture.

In October 2013, CUL uploaded 502 items into our CONTENTdm collections. CUL now has approximately 34,735 published items.

Highlights include:

139 non-oil-related Texas negatives by Robert Yarnall Richie as part of the TexTreasures FY2014 grant

15 photographs and documents from the Stanley Marcus Papers relating to Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel’s visit to Dallas in September 1957 and the subsequent premier of the Neiman-Marcus Fortnight in October, which centered around a French theme. Coco Chanel attended the 20th Annual Neiman-Marcus Fashion Exposition where she received the Neiman-Marcus award for Distinguished Service in the Field of Fashion.

10 contract drawings from the New York Bridge Contract Drawings series for the Manhattan Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge, and Blackwell’s Island Bridge (now known as the Queensboro Bridge), 1903-1908, by the New York Department of Bridges.

44 currency notes in the Rowe-Barr Collection of Texas Currency, many of which were issued in Austin, Travis County, during the years Texas was a Republic and then afterward as a state. They include the following types of currency: exchequer bills, including 5 signed by Sam Houston, change notes, consolidated funds, naval scrip, and treasury warrants. Of particular interest are the naval scrip, which were created when the failure of the (Texas) government to appropriate sufficient funds in 1841 for the operation of the Navy led Commodore E. W. Moore to issue this scrip in anticipation of further appropriations.

22 stereoviews from the Collection of Civil War era stereographs.

7 photographs by Francis Parker, ca. 1882-1895, from El Paso, Texas and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

2 pieces of photographic art by late SMU professor Linda Finnell (1948-1999): Triptych. Linda Finnell, her mother, and her grandmother, and Diptych, and “Orlando,” Linda as a woman, Linda as a man.

7 postcards of Dallas from the Collection of Texas Postcards

Viaduct bei Franzdorf, Stationsplatz Daselbst und der Hirschthaler Viaduct, ca. 1857, Johann Varoni (artist/lithographer)

Viaduct bei Franzdorf, Stationsplatz Daselbst und der Hirschthaler Viaduct (Viaduct near Franzdorf, the railway station of the same name, and the Hirschthaler Viaduct), ca. 1857, Johann Varoni (artist/lithographer)

Zur Erinnerung an die Eröffnung der Staats-Eisenbahn (The Imperial-Royal State Railway from Ljubljana to Trieste), a portfolio of 14 lithographs commemorating the opening of the Sudbahn from Ljubljana, Slovenia, to Trieste, Italy, by Emperor Franz Joseph I on July 27, 1857.

114 photographic prints from the last two volumes of the Les Travaux Publics de la France, 1883, edited by Jules Rothschild: Les Travaux Publics de la France, Tome Quartieme: Ports de Mer and Les Travaux de la France, Tome Cinquieme: Phares et Balises.

Army Portfolio No. 1, 1845, comprising 5 lithographic prints depicting Corpus Christi, Texas, and Monterey, Mexico during the Mexican War.

Union Pacific Railroad. Photographical Illustrations., 1869, by Andrew Russell. The full title of the album is The Great West illustrated in a series of photographic views across the Continent taken along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad, west from Omaha, Nebraska. With an annotated table of contents, giving a brief description of each view; its peculiarities, characteristics, and connection with the different points on the road.

Colorado Landscape by Jerry Bywaters, from the University Art Collection

Colorado Landscape by Jerry Bywaters, from the University Art Collection

10 paintings and prints by Jerry W. Bywaters depicting Texas, New Mexico and Colorado, held by the Meadows Museum for the University Art Collection.

10 builder’s specification cards from the Baldwin Locomotive Works builder’s cards

8 articles from the George Albert Converse Papers and Photographs, including newsclippings, reprints of excerpts of  articles, and pages of articles relating to steamships, torpedo boats and ironclads. There are two articles that pertain to a stern wheeled steamship produced by Yarrow, which was shipped up the Nile for use by General Charles Gordon at the Battle of Khartoum.

Posted in Civil War, Dallas, George Converse Papers and Photographs, Railroads, Robert Yarnall Richie, Texas photographs, U.S. West | Leave a comment